Questions tagged [spectra]

Questions about the observed frequency range of the electromagnetic radiation of a celestial object.

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0answers
33 views

Logarithmic rebinning and continuum removal of stellar spectra

I am trying to learn how to derive the line of sight velocity distributions from galaxy spectrum to extract kinematical parameters like rotational velocity and velocity dispersion. Therefore I need to ...
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1answer
31 views

Flux vs. Velocity representation of spectra?

I'm looking for a basic explanation of the flux vs. velocity representation of a spectrum and how it's obtained from the regular flux vs. wavelength representation. A good example of this is in Arav ...
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0answers
33 views

How to determine the temperature of a star according to the strength of the line in the spectra?

Based on the comments, I have changed some things. Below is a graph showing the relative strength of $H_\gamma$ and Fe I lines of two stars. Which star is hotter? This is a question from the book:An ...
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1answer
40 views

How would one estimate the rotation period of a star from its spectrum?

The figure is shown; the measurements were taken on two consecutive observing nights. The Ordinate is the flux normalized to continuum and the abscissa is the wavelength scale. You can see the "...
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1answer
40 views

Finding galaxy spectra in SDSS Catalog by object name

I am looking to find galaxy spectra of early type elliptical galaxies in the SDSS catalog by the objects name. See: https://dr12.sdss.org/advancedSearch. I dont know how to find out the PLATEID of my ...
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1answer
54 views

Spectra: What is that Supposed to Mean?

I've found this website (click here for the link), the link leads you to a problem about the velocity Andromeda is going towards the Milky way galaxy, and you can try three approaches. I like to ...
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1answer
34 views

working with stellar spectra in fits format in python

Hey I am new to working with astronomical data in Python. I wanted to start working with stellar spectra and I am having trouble with the data. To get a first look I just wanted to plot a spectra (...
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8 views

Is threre a relation between relative or absolute error and standard deviation for ratio of power spectra?

I have to compute the variance on this ratio, that is to say on the observable $O$ : $$O=\left(\frac{C_{\ell, \mathrm{gal}, \mathrm{sp}}^{\prime}}{C_{\ell, \mathrm{gal}, \mathrm{ph}}^{\prime}}\right)=\...
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1answer
82 views

Understanding better the factors on $C_l$ in Angular power spectrum and Relation with Matter power spectrum

I am looking for an explanation on the angular power spectrum. I found this extract that is interesting but not fully understood for me (I will cite the step that I didn't understand) "what is ...
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1answer
421 views

Why are the wings of many strong lines, including hydrogen lines and most metal lines, stronger in Dwarfs than in Supergiants?

What is the reason? Is it because Dwarfs have higher surface gravity (log g), in turn related to pressure, than Supergiants so there is more contribution from van der Waals and Stark broadening?
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1answer
34 views

.mt file convert to .fits/.ascii/.dat

How to convert .mt file with a spectrum to a more convenient format, please? I am able to display that in fv: Fits Viewer, but I am lost in converting. Thank you
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1answer
29 views

What leads an observer to choose a narrow slit over a wide one (and vice-versa) when observing?

In spectroscopy, a wide slit will lead to lower spectral resolution while too narrow of a slit will reduce incoming flux from the object. From what I read, it appears as though there is always a ...
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21 views

Spectrograph Arrangement, Noise, and Fourier Domain [closed]

If the transform of a line profile extends out to the Nyquist frequency such that we cannot see the noise level, what could we change in our spectrograph arrangement that would allow us to see the ...
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1answer
51 views

How much does the equivalent width of a line change by the introduction of 5% scattered light?

How much does the equivalent width of a line change by the introduction of 5% scattered light? We know the equivalent width is defined as $W = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \bigg(\frac{1-F_{\nu}}{F_c}\bigg) ...
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3answers
1k views

Formation of elements in the Sun other than helium

I just learned that the Fraunhofer lines of the Sun's spectrum indicate that the Sun contains various elements other than just hydrogen and helium (for example, Na and Fe) but don't the Sun's p-p ...
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3answers
185 views

Spectrum of stars

If some specific metal is shown in a star's spectrum, does it indicate that the star has that specific metal? For example, the Sun, a G2 star, shows medium strength of Ionised Calcium in its spectrum, ...
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2answers
476 views

What is the best database for identification of spectral lines?

What is the best database for the identification of spectral lines? For instance, I have a red spectrum of A0 star and I would like to recognize the most prominent lines, where to find them? Many ...
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2answers
92 views

When examining an exoplanet's atmosphere is the star's emission spectra or planet's light used?

My understanding of the main method we use to figure out an exoplanet atmosphere composition is that when a exoplanet transits their sun, visible light passes through the planet's atmosphere, and ...
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2answers
92 views

How to accurately measure the temperature of red supergiants?

I just (February 28th, 2021) heard the news on progress how to measure the temperature of super giants: Red supergiants are a class of star that end their lives in supernova explosions. Their ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Demo to get Matter Power Spectrum in cosmology

I would like please to demonstrate the expression of Power spectrum in Cosmology : First, I have the relative contrast: $$\delta_{i}(\vec{x}, z) \equiv \rho_{i}(\vec{x}, z) / \bar{\rho}_{i}(z)-1\quad(...
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0answers
38 views

How to algorithmically distinguish between different types of nebulae?

I remember that there are five types of nebulae: Planetary nebulae have not much to do with planets, but are emission nebula consisting of an expanding, glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from red ...
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40 views

What is the gravitational wave spectrum of an ellipsoid neutron star like?

If the star is ellipsoid instead a sphere, the wave should be rich of harmonics, not only (2*orbital frequency). Can these harmonics behave the same way, i.e. they appear/disappear together and drift (...
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1answer
361 views

Why is the flux density and amplitude different for galaxies than stars?

This might be a simple question, but I'm having a hard time answering it myself - or at least answer it correctly, I think. I'm sitting with different spectrals; many for stars and one for a galaxy. ...
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1answer
20 views

Where to find spectra from Las Campanas Redshift Survey?

I am interested in the optical spectrum of a galaxy. In SIMBAD the reference for the redshift of my galaxy is the Las Campanas Redshift Survey. Hence I am looking for the optical spectrum from which ...
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1answer
38 views

What does the “a” at the end of a spectral type mean?

Looking at the chart for spectral type peculiarities (here), I noticed that the letter a was missing from the chart. This seems to be an error, as the star Vega has spectral type A0Va, with the a ...
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0answers
24 views

Where can I find galaxy spectra (in the form of FITS files)?

I know there's SDSS and I tried searching for the spectra through the navigate and explore tool under CAS as well as by using RA/Dec coordinates under SAS, but every single time it comes out with 0 ...
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1answer
877 views

Why does the Sun deviate from a typical blackbody spectrum in the S band?

This is sort of a follow-up to this question, and my answer to it. The graph I see here details the radio (and other frequencies) emission of the sun. What's most notable and interesting to me is the ...
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0answers
31 views

How to convert between spectra given in terms of velocity (km/s) to wavelength spectra?

I have H alpha spectra of H II regions in our galaxy. In the paper, the x-axis is in units of km/s and the corresponding line width as well. From this, how can I get equivalent width of the H alpha ...
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0answers
44 views

What can Jupiter's spectrograph tell us other than its rotational velocity?

I have data of a Jupiter's image and the spectra of each pixel in the image, and I am playing around to see what I can do with it. I have managed to find Jupiter's rotational velocity by finding the ...
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1answer
83 views

How to isolate H$_\alpha$ from Nitrogen doublet emission lines

I am trying to find out line intensity and FWHM of H$_\alpha$6565 emission line from a quasar spectrum obtained from SDSS DR-14Q. Visual inspection of spectrum shows H$_\alpha$ being contaminated with ...
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0answers
23 views

How do you create a continuum mask in Python or IDL for a star? [closed]

I'm learning how to model stellar spectra using the IDL code, Spectroscopy Made Easy (SME), and its Python counterpart, PySME. Has anyone used these programs before? As you can see from the first ...
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1answer
108 views

Converting from $\mathrm{W \: m^{-2}}$ to $\mathrm{Jy \: km \: s^{-1}}$

Suppose I observe a spectral line with rest frequency $\nu_0$ and integrated flux density $F = 10^{-26} \mathrm{W/m^2}$. Is the following line of reasoning correct? $1 \: \mathrm{Jy} = 10^{-26} \: \...
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1answer
84 views

How is spectroscopy used to deduce what an object is made of?

Spectroscopy is an analysis of light (or other EM wavelengths) that is often used by scientists to examine what an object is made from or contains. Apologies if this is a stupid question, but this ...
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2answers
924 views

Problem regarding the absorption lines of the sun

Some of the wavelengths of light that are emitted from the sun will be absorbed by atoms in the outer layer of the sun and also the atmosphere of the sun, and we see this as absorption lines in the ...
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0answers
48 views

Is there any synthetic spectrum software for neutron star?

Is there any software that can calculate the emergent spectrum of a neutron star photosphere, for Teff is about 1e7K, density is above 1e21-1e22 cm^-3 ? Output line wavelength is about 0-100A is ...
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2answers
158 views

How does a cross dispersed spectrum look like in a reality (from echelle spectrographs)?

I am an analytical chemist with some interest in amateur spectroscopy. Since astronomers use echelle spectrographs to study the high resolution spectrum of the stars, someone suggested to post the ...
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2answers
71 views

Is there a way to know if there are/are not solar-system-like systems of objects without a star?

There's an extremely high amount of variation in All of Known Existence. We do see many many stars, with an extensive amount of evidence for planets orbiting around stars. However, is there are way to ...
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1answer
159 views

Clarification of radio spectrum terminology

For a radio spectrum, when is it called thermal emission, synchrotron emission, self-absorbed synchrotron emission and inverted spectrum? They are all power-law and their difference is power-law index?...
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1answer
60 views

How to calculate the redshift of a line in a bunch of line spectra?

If in a spectra, there are many lines, mixed with gravitational redshift and non-redshift lines. For example, in this paper, they identify lines both redshifted and no-redshifted. Then how can i ...
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1answer
62 views

What does “the depth of the 13.0 Å feature differs by 7 sigma from zero” mean?

In a paper I've read, I have seen the following: In view of the noise levels, it is difficult to perform such a search effectively using statistical significance criteria only. We will therefore ...
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1answer
51 views

Does anyone have spectra on exoplanet HD 219134b? How could one know either way?

I have foraged through the internet to no avail. Is there a way to systematically check if spectra from a given exoplanet has been reported, like a catalog or list of references, or is a literature ...
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1answer
59 views

How to calculate the statistically significant level for a guassian line profile?

In some papers, they fit a line profile with gaussian model. For example, in this paper, fig 1 draw three gauss line profile, O VII, O VIII, and Ne IX. But the data seems noisy and the gaussian height ...
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1answer
192 views

How to use spectral flux density data while using Planck's law giving spectral radiance?

I'm currently working on a fun project in my free time where I'm trying to calculate the temperature, among other things, of stars based on their spectra. Since I have essentially no prior experience ...
4
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1answer
231 views

Identifying common galaxy spectral lines

How does one identify the common galaxy absorption lines (e.g. Na, Mg, K, etc.) and emission lines (H-alpha, O III, S II, etc.) by just looking at a galaxy spectrum (like the one below)? I need to ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Radial velocity curves

When I measure RV in a program for more spectral lines, will it be equivalent? I mean I measure RVs of a line in blue spectral region, RVs of a line in red spectral region... Many thanks.
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1answer
70 views

What is the physical interpretation of the derivative of the emitted and observed wavelength?

The flux F of an event at redshift $z$ is related to its luminosity L as $$F=\dfrac{L}{4\pi d_L^2}\,,$$ where $d_L\equiv d_L(z)$ is the luminosity distance between us (the observer) and the event (...
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0answers
152 views

What is the spectral energy distribution (SED)?

I see the SED being referred to as several different things and now I am confused about what it actually is and what are its units. In particular, I find the SED Wikipedia page not understandable. ...
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0answers
34 views

Absorption line in quasar spectrum

I have quasar spectrum which includes emission and absorption lines. I need to find absorption lines in between 2 wavelength. How can I do it with coding?
3
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1answer
96 views

Nebula and its colors

A Nebula has bright awesome colors that include red, blue, green, orange, white, etc? They're result of excitation of electrons. Is there a clear explanation as to which color is attributed to an ...
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0answers
193 views

How to calculate Equivalent Width of a spectrum with continuum at 0

I am trying to calculate the Equivalent Width of emission lines of a spectrum whose continuum is at 0, making the calculation of the EW impossible. I have the spectrum of a transient in a galaxy, so ...