Questions tagged [spectra]

Questions about the observed frequency range of the electromagnetic radiation of a celestial object.

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1answer
42 views

Derive LOSVD from galaxy spectrum, using fourier method

I am trying to implement a programm, that derives the kinematics (specifically the kinematic parameters: mean rotation velocity, velocity, dispersion, hermite coefficients h3 and h4) from an ...
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4answers
1k views

Why doesn't the Sun produce an emission spectrum?

I have read that the reason why the Sun produces an absorption spectrum is because the temperature drops as you go away from the center, such that as the various layers of the atmosphere of the sun ...
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0answers
29 views

Young galaxies VS. old galaxies spectra differences

What are the main (UV/optical) spectral differences between a young star-forming galaxy and an old galaxy with no ongoing star formation?
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1answer
88 views

Question regards to Kirchhoff’s Laws (of spectroscopy)

In the book "Horizons: exploring the universe-Cengage learning (2018)", page 210, it states that: Observational evidence can tell you how nova explosions occur. As the explosion begins, ...
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0answers
54 views

Astronomical data bases express spectra in flux density, e.g. ergs/s/cm2/Angstrom( or Hz) how can I calculate the flux, i.e. ergs/s/cm2?

I have light spectral data from astronomy data bases in flux density (flux/Angstrom or flux/Hz) and would like to calculate the flux. How can I calculate the flux from the flux density?
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0answers
23 views

H alpha - double peak (Be star)

What is the double peak in this case, please? What does the third mean? Many thanks
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1answer
100 views

How to isolate H$_\alpha$ from Nitrogen doublet emission lines

I am trying to find out line intensity and FWHM of H$_\alpha$6565 emission line from a quasar spectrum obtained from SDSS DR-14Q. Visual inspection of spectrum shows H$_\alpha$ being contaminated with ...
2
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2answers
651 views

about H$_\alpha$ and H$_\beta$ lines in astronomical objects' spectra

Generally there may be some line ratio between the two lines. If H$\alpha$ is strong, it is quite possible we can see H$_\beta$ too. Is it possible we can see H$_\beta$, but can not see H$_\alpha$? ...
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0answers
17 views

How to create synthetic galaxy spectrum by broadening stellar spectra with a gaussian

I am trying to create a synthetic galaxy spectrum, by convolving a gaussian-velocity-distribution f(v) with my stellar spectra S. I have already logarithmically rebinned the spectrum and removed the ...
2
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1answer
55 views

How would one estimate the rotation period of a star from its spectrum?

The figure is shown; the measurements were taken on two consecutive observing nights. The Ordinate is the flux normalized to continuum and the abscissa is the wavelength scale. You can see the "...
2
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1answer
32 views

Why is He I 6678.151 line used for investigating variations in Be stars?

Why is He I 6678.151 line used for investigating variations in Be stars? I mean, for instance, asymmetry and radial velocity. Many thanks
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0answers
19 views

Cosmic variance - Fourier Transform - a few precisions

I have posted initially on physics exchange but none answer, so I try my chance here (I am going to delete the physics exchange one) : I cite an original report of a colleague : If we are interested ...
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0answers
55 views

Logarithmic rebinning and continuum removal of stellar spectra

I am trying to learn how to derive the line of sight velocity distributions from galaxy spectrum to extract kinematical parameters like rotational velocity and velocity dispersion. Therefore I need to ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Flux vs. Velocity representation of spectra?

I'm looking for a basic explanation of the flux vs. velocity representation of a spectrum and how it's obtained from the regular flux vs. wavelength representation. A good example of this is in Arav ...
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0answers
37 views

How to determine the temperature of a star according to the strength of the line in the spectra?

Based on the comments, I have changed some things. Below is a graph showing the relative strength of $H_\gamma$ and Fe I lines of two stars. Which star is hotter? This is a question from the book:An ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Finding galaxy spectra in SDSS Catalog by object name

I am looking to find galaxy spectra of early type elliptical galaxies in the SDSS catalog by the objects name. See: https://dr12.sdss.org/advancedSearch. I dont know how to find out the PLATEID of my ...
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1answer
58 views

Spectra: What is that Supposed to Mean?

I've found this website (click here for the link), the link leads you to a problem about the velocity Andromeda is going towards the Milky way galaxy, and you can try three approaches. I like to ...
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1answer
47 views

working with stellar spectra in fits format in python

Hey I am new to working with astronomical data in Python. I wanted to start working with stellar spectra and I am having trouble with the data. To get a first look I just wanted to plot a spectra (...
4
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1answer
86 views

Understanding better the factors on $C_l$ in Angular power spectrum and Relation with Matter power spectrum

I am looking for an explanation on the angular power spectrum. I found this extract that is interesting but not fully understood for me (I will cite the step that I didn't understand) "what is ...
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0answers
9 views

Is threre a relation between relative or absolute error and standard deviation for ratio of power spectra?

I have to compute the variance on this ratio, that is to say on the observable $O$ : $$O=\left(\frac{C_{\ell, \mathrm{gal}, \mathrm{sp}}^{\prime}}{C_{\ell, \mathrm{gal}, \mathrm{ph}}^{\prime}}\right)=\...
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0answers
124 views

Spectral analysis of AGN (velocity dispersion of galaxy absorption, doppler shifts)

I was wondering what parameters I need to know/measure to calculate the velocity dispersion of a galaxy, specifically an AGN. Also, I have spectra where there are blueshifted and redshifted ...
5
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1answer
424 views

Why are the wings of many strong lines, including hydrogen lines and most metal lines, stronger in Dwarfs than in Supergiants?

What is the reason? Is it because Dwarfs have higher surface gravity (log g), in turn related to pressure, than Supergiants so there is more contribution from van der Waals and Stark broadening?
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1answer
37 views

.mt file convert to .fits/.ascii/.dat

How to convert .mt file with a spectrum to a more convenient format, please? I am able to display that in fv: Fits Viewer, but I am lost in converting. Thank you
4
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1answer
32 views

What leads an observer to choose a narrow slit over a wide one (and vice-versa) when observing?

In spectroscopy, a wide slit will lead to lower spectral resolution while too narrow of a slit will reduce incoming flux from the object. From what I read, it appears as though there is always a ...
6
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1answer
160 views

Clarification of radio spectrum terminology

For a radio spectrum, when is it called thermal emission, synchrotron emission, self-absorbed synchrotron emission and inverted spectrum? They are all power-law and their difference is power-law index?...
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3answers
193 views

Spectrum of stars

If some specific metal is shown in a star's spectrum, does it indicate that the star has that specific metal? For example, the Sun, a G2 star, shows medium strength of Ionised Calcium in its spectrum, ...
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0answers
21 views

Spectrograph Arrangement, Noise, and Fourier Domain [closed]

If the transform of a line profile extends out to the Nyquist frequency such that we cannot see the noise level, what could we change in our spectrograph arrangement that would allow us to see the ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How much does the equivalent width of a line change by the introduction of 5% scattered light?

How much does the equivalent width of a line change by the introduction of 5% scattered light? We know the equivalent width is defined as $W = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \bigg(\frac{1-F_{\nu}}{F_c}\bigg) ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Formation of elements in the Sun other than helium

I just learned that the Fraunhofer lines of the Sun's spectrum indicate that the Sun contains various elements other than just hydrogen and helium (for example, Na and Fe) but don't the Sun's p-p ...
6
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2answers
482 views

What is the best database for identification of spectral lines?

What is the best database for the identification of spectral lines? For instance, I have a red spectrum of A0 star and I would like to recognize the most prominent lines, where to find them? Many ...
3
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2answers
116 views

When examining an exoplanet's atmosphere is the star's emission spectra or planet's light used?

My understanding of the main method we use to figure out an exoplanet atmosphere composition is that when a exoplanet transits their sun, visible light passes through the planet's atmosphere, and ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Converting from $\mathrm{W \: m^{-2}}$ to $\mathrm{Jy \: km \: s^{-1}}$

Suppose I observe a spectral line with rest frequency $\nu_0$ and integrated flux density $F = 10^{-26} \mathrm{W/m^2}$. Is the following line of reasoning correct? $1 \: \mathrm{Jy} = 10^{-26} \: \...
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2answers
96 views

How to accurately measure the temperature of red supergiants?

I just (February 28th, 2021) heard the news on progress how to measure the temperature of super giants: Red supergiants are a class of star that end their lives in supernova explosions. Their ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Is there any synthetic spectrum software for neutron star?

Is there any software that can calculate the emergent spectrum of a neutron star photosphere, for Teff is about 1e7K, density is above 1e21-1e22 cm^-3 ? Output line wavelength is about 0-100A is ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Demo to get Matter Power Spectrum in cosmology

I would like please to demonstrate the expression of Power spectrum in Cosmology : First, I have the relative contrast: $$\delta_{i}(\vec{x}, z) \equiv \rho_{i}(\vec{x}, z) / \bar{\rho}_{i}(z)-1\quad(...
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0answers
43 views

What could be observed with LOFAR in 230 MHz - 10.0 MHz wavelength?

Nuclear astrophysics greatly interests me and i was wondering if there is something that could be observed with the LOFAR project in this wavelength that would benefit the field? Also some general ...
4
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1answer
195 views

How long do hot X-ray sources last?

Some X-ray sources in nebulae are caused by hot materials in the millions of degrees that formed in supernovae. What's the cooling rate of this stuff? How long does it stay this hot? If we would take ...
2
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0answers
39 views

How to algorithmically distinguish between different types of nebulae?

I remember that there are five types of nebulae: Planetary nebulae have not much to do with planets, but are emission nebula consisting of an expanding, glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from red ...
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1answer
319 views

How to shift an AGN X-ray spectrum to rest frame

I have limited information to shift a spectrum (in the X-ray 0.5-10 keV bandpass) from redshift $z=2$ to the rest frame. I have a plot of normalized (photon) counts s$^{−1}$ keV$^{−1}$ as a function ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the gravitational wave spectrum of an ellipsoid neutron star like?

If the star is ellipsoid instead a sphere, the wave should be rich of harmonics, not only (2*orbital frequency). Can these harmonics behave the same way, i.e. they appear/disappear together and drift (...
5
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1answer
363 views

Why is the flux density and amplitude different for galaxies than stars?

This might be a simple question, but I'm having a hard time answering it myself - or at least answer it correctly, I think. I'm sitting with different spectrals; many for stars and one for a galaxy. ...
3
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1answer
850 views

How to correct observed flux densities for redshift

Say I have a spectrum of a galaxy at a redshift $z$, in flux density units of erg/s/cm^2/Angstrom. I'd like to recover the spectrum (in the same flux density units) at z=0, i.e. at its rest ...
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1answer
20 views

Where to find spectra from Las Campanas Redshift Survey?

I am interested in the optical spectrum of a galaxy. In SIMBAD the reference for the redshift of my galaxy is the Las Campanas Redshift Survey. Hence I am looking for the optical spectrum from which ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What does the “a” at the end of a spectral type mean?

Looking at the chart for spectral type peculiarities (here), I noticed that the letter a was missing from the chart. This seems to be an error, as the star Vega has spectral type A0Va, with the a ...
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0answers
24 views

Where can I find galaxy spectra (in the form of FITS files)?

I know there's SDSS and I tried searching for the spectra through the navigate and explore tool under CAS as well as by using RA/Dec coordinates under SAS, but every single time it comes out with 0 ...
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1answer
168 views

What (actually) does “peculiar periodic spectral modulations” refer to in this preprint?

I saw this ArXiv preprint after reading about it in the popular media. I can not even understand the beginning of the introduction (much less the whole paper): INTRODUCTION A Fourier transform ...
3
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2answers
175 views

Broadband spectrum of Sun

Broadband spectrum is one which is inclusive of all the observed wavelength ranges. In the case of the BB spectra of our Sun, there is a sharp (non-differentiable) kink in the curve in the UV-range (...
9
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1answer
886 views

Why does the Sun deviate from a typical blackbody spectrum in the S band?

This is sort of a follow-up to this question, and my answer to it. The graph I see here details the radio (and other frequencies) emission of the sun. What's most notable and interesting to me is the ...
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0answers
31 views

How to convert between spectra given in terms of velocity (km/s) to wavelength spectra?

I have H alpha spectra of H II regions in our galaxy. In the paper, the x-axis is in units of km/s and the corresponding line width as well. From this, how can I get equivalent width of the H alpha ...
17
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2answers
938 views

Problem regarding the absorption lines of the sun

Some of the wavelengths of light that are emitted from the sun will be absorbed by atoms in the outer layer of the sun and also the atmosphere of the sun, and we see this as absorption lines in the ...