Questions tagged [spectrometry]

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Does the current “fainting” of Betelgeuse show any spectral trends that differ from it's normal variability?

The Astronomers Telegrams #13341 The Fainting of the Nearby Red Supergiant Betelgeuse and #13365 Updates on the “Fainting” of Betelgeuse (both in December 2019) discuss the importance of measuring ...
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40 views

What is the difference between spectroscopy, spectrography and spectrometry?

Spectroscopy is the study of spectra, spectrography is the writing of the spectra, and spectrometry is the measure of spectra. So from an etymological perspective, there is no real difference between ...
3
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1answer
42 views

mm-wavelengths Moon map, scientific case

I would like to test a telescope with a Moon observation. It is a low spectrometer-imager at 110-300 GHz with a resolution of 4 arcmin@150 GHz. Is there any scientific target that concerns the Moon ...
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60 views

Help understanding the false MRO observations of hydrated minerals on Mars

The Science News article An orbiter glitch may mean some signs of liquid water on Mars aren’t real begins: Some signs of water on Mars may have just dried up. Thanks to the way data from NASA’...
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1answer
131 views

Where can I find a database of elemental spectra? [closed]

I know that spectroscopy can be used to analyze the light of stars to determine the elements causing their emissions in the visible spectrum, but this requires knowing the emission spectra of the ...
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89 views

Need help understanding stellar spectroscopy data from ESO

The European Southern Observatory webpage has a web page that has tabular spectrogram data from A. J. Pickles, University of Hawaii. There are over 130 .dat files there. Each one represents a ...
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0answers
68 views

Can all astronomical signals be considered Gaussian noise?

While studying the techniques astronomers use to mitigate radio frequency interference (RFI) I found it's often assumed that astronomical signals are (band-limited) Gaussian noise. Is this a ...
10
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1answer
2k views

How do scientists determine if a star's color is due to Doppler shift vs the star's composition vs temperature?

When looking at visible light coming from, say a star, scientists can determine by the shifting of the light towards the red or the blue end of the spectrum to determine if it is moving towards or ...
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2answers
180 views

Photodetector Question: Does converting an RGB image to grayscale produce the same result as using a grayscale image detector?

FYI my application is not astronomy related, but I know astronomy folks have a lot of knowledge of photodetection and spectrometry instrumentation, so I am seeking this community's help. I'm ...
3
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1answer
186 views

If the Sun were bigger but colder, Earth would be hotter or colder?

That is the question. I know the concepts of luminosity $(L=4\pi R^2F)$ and the flow $F=\sigma· T^4$, with $T$ the temperature in its surface. But how I use that to know if the Earth would get warmer ...
3
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113 views

Spectral analysis of AGN (velocity dispersion of galaxy absorption, doppler shifts)

I was wondering what parameters I need to know/measure to calculate the velocity dispersion of a galaxy, specifically an AGN. Also, I have spectra where there are blueshifted and redshifted ...
10
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1answer
93 views

How much oxygen did the Warwick/Cambridge study find in the rocky debris around white dwarf GD 61?

There are several articles out saying that a Warwick/Cambridge study of ultraviolet spectroscopy data from the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope found a large amount of oxygen ...
9
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1answer
98 views

Current limitations in radio-astronomical spectrometry analysis of local interstellar cloud's hyperfine structures

I've been trying to wrap my head around capabilities of current radio-astronomical spectrometry technology to isolate not too distant tenuous sources, say, chemical composition and density of the the ...