Questions tagged [speed]

Questions regarding an object's movement, or its distance traveled relative to the time taken.

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11
votes
4answers
9k views

Is Earth's Surface “In orbit”?

I'm having trouble understanding relative angular/tangential speeds at increasing altitudes above Earth's surface. In particular, I find this comparison of tangential velocities on Wikipedia very ...
43
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2answers
4k views

Does the sun cross other spiral arms in its movement around the galaxy's center?

Today, Ansa.it released an article that states: [...]. In questo suo peregrinare galattico, il Sole ha attraversato anche i due bracci della Via Lattea Perseo e Centauro. "Sono zone di alta ...
4
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4answers
910 views

So where are these measurements of galaxies moving faster than light?

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/400457/what-does-general-relativity-say-about-the-relative-velocities-of-objects-that-a "we can actually observe galaxies that are moving away from us at >...
3
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1answer
100 views

Have more recent LIGO/VIRGO gravitational wave measurements narrowed down the speed of gravity further?

This answer to How precise are the observational measurements for the speed of gravity? says: ...in 2013 a Chinese group built a model using Earth's tides that helped them narrow it down. ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Does Absolute Velocity Exist?

It seems everyone is on the same page about there being no "absolute velocity" due to the fact that everything is relativistic. However, this leaves me confused. This seems to be disconnected with the ...
8
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2answers
3k views

Which star / galaxy is moving away from us the fastest?

I know that we have measured the rate a lot of stars and galaxies move away from us using the doppler shift, and I know that the further a star / galaxy is the faster they accelerate away from us due ...
2
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2answers
176 views

What would change if Venus rotated at a speed and direction similar to Earth?

I am interested in two aspects of this question. Imagine that Venus had a similar rotation speed and the same direction of rotation that we have here on Earth. What would change for Venus itself? I'm ...
0
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1answer
73 views

how to define the universe itself is expanding greater than than the speed of light?

since we observe galaxies and other steller objects in very tiny tiny scale, and how we can understand that the speed of expansion on universe is higher than the speed of light ? even using the ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Are there known objects rotating at close-to-light speeds?

For example, $0.1c < v < c$? Is this actually possible? Background: is that true that the black hole in the center of the Milky Way rotates once per 20 minutes?
1
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1answer
107 views

Possible to use tachyons to explore black hole?

I read on a Wikipedia article lately that tachyons are theoretical particles which always travel at or above the speed of light. That means that when one passes us, we see two images, a blue shifted ...
8
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2answers
12k views

What is the fastest spinning rotation of a Neutron star?

What is the fastest spinning rotation of a Neutron star? I have heard that Neutron stars have a specially fast spinning rotation. What is the fastest?
0
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1answer
168 views

What would a black hole merger look like?

Ship 1 is out side the black hole. Ship 2 is nearing a black hole. To ship 1 it would appear that ship 2 would be moving slower to the point it would seem like ship 2 stopped moving the closer to the ...
23
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6answers
18k views

Is the light we see from stars extremely old?

Our nearest star Proxima Centauri is 4.243 light years away from Earth. Does that mean we are seeing light that is 4.243 years old everyday?
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0answers
20 views

How the Galactic objects are moving? [duplicate]

We know that the Galaxies are moving very fast, not only the Galaxies other known and unknown objects in the universe, are moving. But when it was started where is the starting point, and how it move ...
5
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4answers
3k views

Why don't we feel the speed of earth moving

When we move our vehicle, we "feel" the speed of it. However, when stationary, we still are moving,but moving by quiet a speed. We know that earth moves with X ...
4
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1answer
169 views

Earth's Versus Catastrophic Meteor

How evasive is the Earth to Catastrophic Meteors? Google says the Earth is approximately 92.96 million miles from the Sun. It also says the suns radius is 432,474 miles. Therefore, it is 93,392,474 ...
4
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1answer
132 views

Does the milky way have relativistic mass against galaxies which are moving away from it at high speeds?

According to the article cited behind, and to a post here in Astronomy SE , there are galaxies moving away from Milky Way faster than light, even at speeds of 2.3c . According to this article Can two ...
0
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2answers
374 views

Does the edge of the Universe travel faster than the speed of light?

The Universe is expanding faster than the speed of light then does that mean matter at the edge of the universe is also traveling at the speed of light or are ether opposite sides of the universe are ...
7
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1answer
353 views

How is it known that Pillars of Creation are destroyed?

We can observe Pillars of Creation with 7000 years delay, but it is destroyed only 6000 years ago. How do we know that? How the information about explosion reached the Earth before light do?
2
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1answer
2k views

If an object with mass were to somehow go the speed of light, would it destroy the whole universe? [closed]

Would an object with mass traveling the speed of light destroy the whole universe because it would have infinite energy / mass? According to wikipedia and other sources, it takes infinite energy to ...
3
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2answers
75 views

Superluminous super nova output

I was reading about how powerful supernova were and found out there are even bigger supernovae also called hyper nova. A large explosion was discovered in 2016 I believe (or was it 2017). I would ...
27
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1answer
3k views

How did Ole Christensen Romer measure the speed of light?

How did Ole Christensen Rømer, who in 1676, shortly after Galileo's death, was said to have measured the speed of light as 220,000 km/s by timing the orbits of Io around Jupiter? My only guess is ...
32
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5answers
20k views

What's the fastest moving object in the universe?

We know that nothing can have proper velocities larger than the speed of light in vacuum. But are there any objects in space that get close to it? Any comets, or other objects thrown by gravity or ...
3
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2answers
406 views

When would Oumuamua have entered the solar system?

So from what I've read, Oumuamua travels at around 26km/s when in interstellar space. I also remember reading a while back that Voyager was travelling at around <...
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2answers
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-1
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2answers
160 views

How did Earth get here before gravitational waves?

If GWs propagate at near the speed of light, how did Earth (and its constituent elements) arrive at its current location billions of years before the GW arrived here (or light from distant stars for ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Does gravity slow or speed light up?

The speed of light in a vacuum is presumably the fastest speed possible. if gravity bends the course of light, does this imply that gravity the retards light so it is moving at a slower speed? If ...
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2answers
118 views

Is there any cosmological evidence that neutrinos travel at a speed other than c?

I've been looking into neutrinos. One thing I'm puzzled about is how fast they travel. See the Wikipedia SN1987A article where you can read this: “approximately two to three hours before the visible ...
7
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2answers
147 views

How precise are the observational measurements for the speed of gravity?

General Relativity says that gravity moves at the speed of c. How precise are the measurements?
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2answers
467 views

How are the speed, distance and time of India's MOM and USA's Maven Mars missions calculated?

How do the scientists calculate the correct time to launch the Mars mission so that the satellite travel time is less? How they are synchronizing the speed of satellite with respect to earth and mars ?...
2
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1answer
66 views

Speed gaseous planets

Why do gaseous planets spin faster than telluric planets? I've seen thats because of primitive nebula but I didn't understand why? Could someone help me? I would appreciate a lot!
7
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2answers
2k views

Is Darkness Faster Than Light? [closed]

I've been looking around, and can't find a solid answer. Many websites say darkness is the speed of light due to the fact it is the absence of light, but other sources say otherwise, that in some ...
2
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3answers
687 views

Are we already moving faster than light?

Okay, so the speed of revolution of earth around sun is 30 km/s[1], speed of revolution of sun around milky way's center is ~200 km/s[2], speed of rotation of milky way is 828,000 km/h[3] i.e. 230000 ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Why is the speed of light 299,792,458 meters/sec?

Ok, I am majoring in physics (4th year) and I never understood this fundamental (kinda) question. Maybe I haven't explored it enough. For example, why does it take 8min20sec for the light from the ...
0
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2answers
400 views

The light of which star is next to reach the earth?

I heard that the sky wouldn't be dark at night if the light of every star had already reached the earth. Of which (currently invisible) star will the light reach the earth next and when will that be? ...
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2answers
7k views

What would happen if a rocket traveling at speed of light would collide with a planet (like earth)? [closed]

Let's assume it is possible for a spacecraft to travel at the speed of light (I've read the interstellar book by Kip Thorne, apparently this is theoretically possible if you swing around two black ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Exact measurement of a light year

What is the exact measurement of a light year? I searched google for the answer in meters and came up with $9.461\cdot 10^{15}$ meters. When I calculated the answer considering $299\,792\,458 \;\text{...
1
vote
2answers
318 views

When stars explode why can we still see them?

This might be a silly question but if light travels at the speed of light and time is frozen in that speed then why the stars we see could be dead already and not just instantly disappearing from the ...
2
votes
3answers
471 views

Is there any way a meteor can hit at less than escape velocity?

Note: I have figured out one case: The meteor is splash from an impact on a close-in moon. I'm looking for any path from deep space. My understanding is that anything from deep space will ...
6
votes
2answers
180 views

Is there an objective difference between space expansion and reduction in speed of light

I just read an article about the cosmological model of an inflationary universe. As you probably know it basically states that space itself is subject to an expansion over time. Since there is no ...
0
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2answers
130 views

Regarding the age / size of the Universe [duplicate]

I believe the current estimated age of the Universe is around 14 billion years. I just read in another post on here that the diameter of the Universe is around 90 billion light years. This doesn't ...
2
votes
2answers
688 views

What is the Maximum Speed that can be acheived Because of Acceleration Due to Gravity?

Planets and other bodies in the universe have different ranges of gravitational fields. What is the maximum speed that can be achieved because of acceleration due to gravitational field. In other ...
3
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2answers
179 views

At what rate are stars accelerating?

How fast stars accelerating away from a central point? Are they increasing in acceleration or decreasing? If possible could you please provide a plot of the acceleration of stars away from the central ...
2
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1answer
141 views

Travelling at light speed(inside water) [closed]

It is a said fact that 299792458 m/s is the speed limit,nothing can go faster than this speed, or it will take an infinite amount of energy for propulsion.What we perforce in vacuum is one thing.Can ...
2
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2answers
498 views

What is faster than a supernova explosion?

Is a supernova explosion really fast or is it just fast, metaphorically speaking? Can you cite the fastest known phenomenon in astronomy (neutron stars, pulsars) besides supernovae in terms of ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What is the standard reference point for measuring speed?

Speed, as we know, doesn't exist without first having a reference point. We then say that the reference point isn't moving at all, and speed is then measured in relation to the reference point. What ...
3
votes
2answers
805 views

Is the ratio between earth's distance from the sun and the speed of light just a coincidence?

I was doing some calculations to see how hard it would be to observe the speed of light and discovered an interesting correlation between the speed of light and the average distance from the earth to ...
0
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1answer
622 views

Does the Sun's light travel fast enough to have a straight path to Earth?

Hopefully this question isn't too silly. When we travel through space, we use a curved path following an orbit to reach our destinations. As far as I'm aware, we could take a more straight line ...
0
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1answer
182 views

What is the acceleration of the stars' speed in the Universe? Positive or negative? [closed]

I have read quite different opinions about that, so can someone tell me what is the sign of the acceleration of the stars in the Universe if we accept that the center of the Universe is the beginning ...
1
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1answer
310 views

Does the cosmic microwave background recede at the speed of light?

Does the cosmic microwave background recede at the speed of light? Is it possible it recedes even faster because of the stretching of space?