Questions tagged [star]

Questions regarding large spheres of plasma undergoing fusion.

47 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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112 views

Could a star have a Saturn-like ring?

Saturn's rings will never clump together, because they are within the Roche limit. Which makes me wonder if a star could have rings that are kept from clumping together due to tidal forces. Have any ...
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1answer
140 views

Do narrow lines in the spectra of O- and B- type stars always indicate magnetic fields?

I was reading a paper on the differential emission measures of a set of hot O- and B- type stars. As the authors discuss in Section 3 (page 959), two stars, $\tau$ Sco and $\theta^1$ Ori C, have ...
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48 views

Strength of core-envelope coupling in stars

For a star with a given Zero-Age Main Sequence (ZAMS) mass, as a function of metallicity how strongly is the star's core coupled to its envelope? I understand that the core-envelope boundary is only (...
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90 views

How is the age of a star on the Henyey track calculated?

I was reading Stellar Evolution in Early Phases of Gravitational Contraction, by Chushiro Henyey, where he writes, If $L \propto R^{-\alpha}$ along the path, the age of a star from the time when $R=...
4
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1answer
240 views

Could non-supernova carbon, oxygen, or silicon flashes be observed?

I was reading about the helium flash, the short but sudden onset of helium fusion in certain red giant stars. As I understand, the upper (nondegenerate) layers of the star absorb the energy as they ...
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107 views

Can someone calculate the age of the KOI-4878 star?

The star’s low metallicity and fairly high space velocity suggest that KOI-4878 is older than the Sun. But I don't know how to calculate an estimation for the age. KOI-4878 data on Simbad
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37 views

How to fit lorentzian to lyman alpha cross section?

This is my data and purpose of this assignment is to fit a lorentzian to this data. And.. i dont know how to do that....:( First, there is sharply lowered region. Couple of hours of googling isn't ...
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69 views

How often do comet occultations of stars happen?

By travelling to specific places, astronomers can see three thousand star comet transition events every year at m15 for the major (50km+) comets and asteroids averaging about 20 seconds, perhaps that'...
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234 views

How are the numerical stellar subclassifications determined?

From Wikipedia: The spectral classes O through M, as well as other more specialized classes discussed later, are subdivided by Arabic numerals (0–9), where 0 denotes the hottest stars of a given ...
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59 views

What is the reason for the dispute over the variation of core mass with heavy metal abundance?

In Metal-Poor Stars IV: The Evolution of Red Giants, Rood writes The differences in the results of these papers are large enough to introduce appreciable uncertainties into the study of the ...
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79 views

Is Nomad data heliocentric or geocentric?

I'm wondering if the data in star catalogues are heliocentric equatorial coordinates or geocentric equatorial coordinates. Also given the distance between stars compared to the distance between the ...
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125 views

need data-point: actual counts per second with APD (avalanche photodiode) detector

I'm designing a sensor system to perform specialized [astronomy and space-sciences] experiments, and need a "reality check" to support or adjust my theoretical calculations. What I need is the "...
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0answers
52 views

Identify moving object in the sky at night?

So last night I was looking at the sky at about 8PM EST, and I noticed this really tiny object moving pretty fast from left to right, just between the two stars in the photo. It's very difficult to ...
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45 views

The mass of Subdwarf B progenitors in the main sequence

Note: By "progenitor", I mean "the star as it was when it was still main sequence". Please correct me if I've got the terminology wrong. Most B-type subdwarfs have mass roughly half that of the Sun. ...
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83 views

Can “rock stars” form from interstellar dust?

Imagine a large and massive dust cloud made of solid phase micrometeoroids, asteroids and larger planetoids, all material in it is in solid phase, and contains no hydrogen or other volatiles in gas ...
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23 views

Freefall timescale for a Jeans-unstable hydrogen cloud of mass M

I'm working on a project (personal, not academic) that involves calculating the collapse timescales for protostars which will end up becoming stars of varying given masses. I'm treating the pre-main ...
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52 views

Spectral Class Breakdown

Where can I get a more detailed breakdown of Spectral Classes. Wikipedia only has it at Letter level rather than sublevel. For example, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_classification has B ...
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104 views

Why do astronomers use the equatorial coordinate system that moves, instead of one based on fixed, distant stars?

As an outsider to the field, I am surprised to learn that astronomers commonly use the equatorial coordinate system, in which fixed stars are not actually fixed. Isn't that making life harder than it ...
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98 views

Stars that don't fit $L=4\pi R^{2}\sigma T^{4}$?

When calculating luminosity/radius/temperature for several stars, I've noticed that while the majority of stars conform to the luminosity relationship $L=4\pi R^{2}\sigma T^{4}$, there are a few that ...
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29 views

Are horizontal branch stars fully convective?

I know that RR Lyrae stars are convective (this is suspected to be part of the cause of the Blazhko effect), but I would like to know more generally: Are RR Lyrae fully convective? Are all HB stars ...
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30 views

Can the shape and fluctuations of the heliopause be attributed to specific nearby stars and clusters?

The heliopause is where the Solar wind is counter balanced by the particle winds from other stars. This boundary seems to not be spherical and also to fluctuate in shape. Can the shape of the ...
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221 views

Jupiter/Saturn's fate after Sun goes red giant and planetary nebula?

The solar wind contributes a very small amount of matter to the gas giants. As the sun approaches the red giant phase, the solar wind increases significantly. 10% of the sun's mass lost as solar ...
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51 views

To which extent is optically thick photon transport related to conduction?

When speaking about energy transport, the textbook, physics-101 always lists three possibilities: radiation convection conduction Now when studying radiation transport in (stellar) atmospheres and ...
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81 views

Where can I find raw text, ascii, or binary data from the GALEX satellite?

I am looking for stars in the GALEX data through the GALEX data using GALEXview and plugging in their Henry Draper Numbers http://galex.stsci.edu/galexview/ But the task is tedious by hand. Is there ...
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74 views

Have I misunderstood Hipparcos Data with Arcturus?

If I take Arcturus for example, its HipID is 32349 and when i look at the raw Hip_Main.dat, it stays that the star's Spectral is K2IIIp whilst Wikipedia says the star's is KOIII. Why the discrepancy, ...
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103 views

Given a collection of pixels, how to deduce the flux from them?

I've obtained the coordinates of brightest pixels from different images (.fits files) using Python. I want to get the flux of each pixel. How do I go about finding out the flux?
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65 views

What is the dielectric constant of a star?

1) What is the dielectric constant of a star, especially its corona? Is it of order 1 or is it quite large? 2) How much do "impurities" (elements other than H and He) affect the dielectric constant?
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37 views

Derivation of a formula for the mass of a tidal bulge and tidal torque

I've been looking into the tidal mechanism for a binary star system and seem to have hit a brick wall. In the literature (see below), little explanation is given to justify the equations (9.60), (9.61)...
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177 views

What is the physical reason of the mirror principle in the stellar evolution?

I understand that stars transition into the red giant phase by obeying the mirror principle, as written here: Shell-burning stars obey something called the mirror principle, which is an observation ...
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24 views

Period of pulsation of a star and its relation to free fall and acoustic waves

In this paper, the period $\Pi$ of pulsation for a star can be obtained by means of the virial theorem: $$\Pi = 2\pi\sqrt{\frac{sR^3}{(3\gamma - 4)qGM}}$$ where $s$ and $q$ are constants relating to ...
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60 views

Are these stars in MASCOT image of Ryugu?

Are these stars in this MASCOT image of Ryugu? Larger image: https://www.sciencealert.com/images/2019-08/processed/RocksOfRyuguStranglyFamiliar_1024.jpg They seem too bright to be stars (if the ...
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59 views

Apparent Magnitude / Apparent Brightness relationship help

I'm a high-school student that is currently working on a project that describes, using mathematical notation and explanation, how scientists can find the values of each of the properties of stars, ...
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58 views

What is the most mass that matter likely to form?

If we plot graph between accumulate of forming mass (y-axis) and mass (x-axis), where is the maximum ? There is a story how I get this question. It start when I think about question "Is our sun is ...
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45 views

Regarding the VizierR catalogue

I want to build a Machine Learning model to approximate effective temperatures of stars based on their B-V index but there aren't that many catalogues that include that. I came across the Vizier ...
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49 views

Geographical Substellar position calculation from RA/DEC

I was trying to help my son with a project and thought it shouldn't be hard but turned out I'm not as smart as I thought I was. His project is about celestial navigation. The first step is, given the ...
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126 views

Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope GoTo Not Accurate

I am trying to use a Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope, but I am not able to use the GoTo function. I do the three start alignment, it confirms matches, I make sure the level is ...
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46 views

Are there simplified M-L, M-R, and lifetime equations for non main sequence stars?

To give some context - I am trying to create a simple program that outputs the stellar properties of a star when given its initial mass and current age. e.g. Input Initial Mass = 2e30kg Age = 4.6 ...
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75 views

Does there exist any of open database or service with ALL discovered stars and their parameters?

Something obligatory up-to-dated.
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105 views

Location of star HD 135591

The star is located at a distance of 163,000 light years in the constellation of Circinus. As the Milky Way is 100,000 light years, this would then imply the star is outside the Milky Way? Would it ...
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119 views

Integrating radial velocity with respect to time

I'm a highschool student who is writing a research paper about plotting Period-Luminosity graph of the Cepheid variables by deriving distance through independent method such as trigonometric parallax ...
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174 views

Stellarium script star of bethlehem

Does anyone out there have a script to replicate the star of Bethlehem. In this case meaning a conjunction of Venus and Jupiter near Regulus.
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62 views

Triangular Asterism Trigonometry

Using the SIMBAD database for Alnitak, Saiph, and Sirius -- i.e.: Alnitak: FK5 coord. (J2000): RA = 05 40 45.527 DEC = -01 56 33.26; Saiph; FK5 coord. (J2000): RA = 05 47 45.389 DEC = -09 40 10.58; ...
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20 views

How to extract surface temperature of star from B-V magnitude over all ranges of B-V?

Background: According to the wikipedia article about the color index, one can approximate the effective surface temperature of a star from its B-V index by the ...
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33 views

Stellar age determination - code

I'm trying to determine the age of some stars. I have many parameters that characterize these stars: $T_{eff}$ ,log ${g}$ ,$[Fe/H]$, $V$... I've tried to use the isochrones package but so far no ...
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38 views

Henyey method for interior parts of the star

Does there exist a code that implements Henyey method for interior parts of the star?
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41 views

Astronomical events and Celebrations

In the past people celebrated important astronomical events and some of those events are still celebrated in some cultures and traditions. For example: March/September equinox, New Moon, Winter/...
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Theoretical values of radius and mass of O9.5 II star

Where to find please theoretical values of radius and mass of O9.5 II star? I mean something like in this article. However, there are only O I, O III and O V stars in this article.