Questions tagged [theories]

Questions regarding models proposed that can solve problems.

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What is the relation between size (radius) of an astronomical object and the speed of oscillation of 'light' coming from it? (Strength/amplitude)?

From the year-end issue of New Scientist Magazine (Dec. 18-31,2021): Astronomy: 'Space Cow' explosion was probably a failed supernova' Page 10: 'They found that the strength of this radiation ...
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Do Einstein's ten field equations use 20 or 40 variables? (2 or 4 for each tensor equation?)

One site I came across says Einstein's 10 Field Equations use 20 variables, while another said 40. There are four variables in spacetime - three for space and one for time, right? But there are two ...
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Does the Schwarzschild metric solution require two (A and B, or g11 and g44) or four components (g11, g22, g33 and g44)?

Different places on the web imply that Schwarzschild's metric uses four components or separate equations, similar to how Einstein's full set requires 6 or 10, or they say only two are needed. Is it 2 ...
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What does 's' or 'ds' or $ds^2$ mean in the Schwarzschild equation(s)? [closed]

And: These are from Wikipedia on Schwarzschild metric, Derivation of the Schwarzschild metric and the last is from Science Direct, Schwarzschild metric.
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How can scientists deduce the number of types of neutrinos, or 'effective number', from Planck satellite data?

Is it related to the way they deduce the Hubble constant from Planck data? Would more types of oscillating and mixing neutrinos mean faster or slower expansion of the universe? Would a fourth mass ...
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1 vote
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Why does Titan's (relatively) rapid migration away from Saturn cause the planet to wobble faster, and eventually (maybe) tip onto its side?

Over the past year and a half, multiple articles in the popular press have come out talking about how unexpectedly rapidly Titan is moving away from Saturn, and how this is causing Saturn to wobble ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why do some call the no-hair conjecture the no-hair theorem?

This excellent answer to Why would a black hole's magnetic hair being short-lived not violate the no-hair conjecture, but long-lived hair would? How long is “long-lived”? has got me thinking because ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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How can a black hole merger create a black hole with an event horizon surface area larger than the sum of the two original areas?

Many popular and professional science sites said something about Stephen Hawking's black hole area theorem being proven observationally, finally, not just mathematically, to 95% confidence. For ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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How can a black hole have a charge, or be charged?

So-called 'hairless' black holes (no-hair theory, or theorem?) , which is what real black holes are, can be described by just three characteristics: Mass, spin, and charge. It is easy enough to ...
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4 votes
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Did the density wave theory for spiral arms take account of this phenomenon?

I came across this link. In it the author speculates that in the outer region of a galaxy, the spiral arms overtake the stars, and vice versa for the inner region. That means there must be a middle ...
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Can a star be massive enough to go 'supernova' yet not be massive enough to leave behind a neutron star? Or, perhaps vice versa?

From what I understand, stars that explode as a supernova at the end of their lives become either a black hole or a neutron star, and less massive stars that do not explode become white dwarves, but......
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2 votes
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In 'Modified gravity' theories like MOND, are galaxies and stars actually, slowly accelerating? In the normal sense?

In the Modified Theory of Newtonian Gravity or MOND, they say that massive objects, accelerating slowly, experience this modified gravity. But are they actually gaining in velocity, albeit very slowly?...
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9 votes
1 answer
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How do comets' nuclei stick together?

Comets are commonly called icy dust balls or dirty snowballs and as such rather light: Known comets have been estimated to have an average density of $0.6 {\rm g}/{\rm cm}^3$. Because of their low ...
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2 votes
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What is the 'scale factor' equation for a dark-matter dominated universe?

The Friedmann equations can be solved exactly in presence of a perfect fluid with equation of state $${\displaystyle p=w\rho c^{2}} \qquad p=w\rho c^2$$ where ${\displaystyle p}$ is the pressure, ${\...
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1 vote
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Best response to shut down the fake Moon landing conspiracy [closed]

This Question was closed for various reasons. For people looking for the answer to similar question, please see this link. I believe this is a solid answer to my question. As the designated Space ...
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Do we know what happens at the boundary of the universe, what are some theories about it? [duplicate]

Do we know what happens at the boundary of the universe, what are some theories about it? Does space time differ at the boundary? Do things become larger at the boundary? Do the trajectories curve and ...
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2 answers
310 views

What covers the outside of the Universe? [closed]

Is the Universe a sphere with water or ice surrounding its' confinement? Are there any theories that imply the Universe being confined within a sphere of water/ice material?
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1 vote
1 answer
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What happens if a black hole is produced inside another black hole?

Similar question here. The question I linked got me thinking. It is known that a black hole doesn't let anything escape its event horizon, not even light. Thus, naturally, anything that passes the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Possible scenarios for life in the death of open universe possible?

Say, let's suppose the universe ends in an open universe, with the Universe expanding, but not going to such an extent that the big rip theory will take place. Obviously, the only things left would be ...
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