Questions tagged [universe]

Questions regarding all of time and space and its contents.

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61 views

is there any excuse or reason why our bubble in Hawking's space-time foam theory is retained?

Hawking said that universes are like bubbles that pop into existence and pop back into the vacuum some form then immediately pop, he calls this space-time foam, our bubble doesn't seem to pop ...
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76 views

What is the distance between solar system and a distant galaxy

When we say a galaxy is 300 million light-years away, is that its distance now or 300 million years ago?
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why did big bangs take place [duplicate]

why did the big bangs take place? The question of ‘why’ is impossible for us to answer, and leads into much deeper philosophical and metaphysical questions. All we are able to do is determine what ...
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Because the Universe is expanding, what is it taking up?

It is my understanding that the universe is expanding and that matter takes up space. While the universe only contains small percent of matter, wouldn't expansion indicate that the universe is ...
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Are there only $10^{83}$ atoms in the universe?

I'm a high school junior. I assumed there would be an incredibly huge number of atoms in the universe if not infinite. Recently, I've come across a few articles which claim that scientists believe ...
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Scalar field displacement from the minimum of the potential gives rise to particles/dark matter, why?

The paper Lyman-alpha Constraints on Ultralight Scalar Dark Matter by Kobayashi et al. says, at the beginning of Section 3.1: A light scalar field stays frozen at its initial field value in the early ...
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FLWR and curvature

The FLWR metric or model I believe results from Einstein's equations of general relativity if it is assumed the universe is 1. homogeneous and 2. able to expand (or contract). Solutions can have ...
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29 views

Can two neighboring galaxies move apart at steady speed?

While I was trying to understand the three models that obey Friedmann's two assumptions of a non-static universe, I came across a line that says and I quote "It (referring to Big Bang) starts at ...
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65 views

Traversing a proton within the Planck time

If I could travel a super small distance (proton) in an even smaller time (Planck time), how long would it take me to cross the observable universe?
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What do falsifiability and verifiability actually mean as a precondition of a scientific hypothesis?

What do falsifiability and verifiability actually mean as a precondition of a scientific hypothesis? I have been hearing from science guys that unlike philosophical hypothesis or theory, to be a ...
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Is there any theory suggesting the expanding universe may be coupled to another shrinking universe

Our Universe is supposed to be expanding. I was curious if there was any theory suggesting the expanding universe may be coupled to another shrinking universe?
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Density of stars on celestial sphere

The pattern of stars on the surface of the celestial sphere seems perceptually to have an universally looking structure. If you pick a region of the sky at random, for instance by using the (excellent)...
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if the universe is infinite shouldn't it have experienced an infinite number of universe ending events? [closed]

or is it that the definition of infinity used here excludes such events like there are an infinite number of odd numbers but 2 isn't in that set?
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Shouldn't the estimate of the universe's age be higher, not lower, after the attractive strength of gravity is taken into account?

From 'Fundamentals: Ten Keys to Reality', by Frank Wilczek : "Running the movie of cosmic history backward in our minds, we found the galaxies all coming together to meet at a definite time. ...
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Significantly blueshifted Lyman-$\alpha$

Lyman-$\alpha$ line in galaxies is notably known to show a double peaked profile, mainly due to its scattering in a moving medium, see e.g., the very recent Matthee et al. 2021, The X-SHOOTER Lyman-α ...
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Potential paradox with the Big Rip and the Multiverse?

I came up with this confusing theory a few years ago, but did not ask it on this site. If the Big Rip and the Multiverse theories are true, then when the Big Rip occurs, the universe's size will ...
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How long does it take for a galaxy (or other object) to disappear behind the cosmic sight horizon?

After looking at this question, I am wondering, how long does it take for a galaxy or other space object, to disappear from our view from the Milky Way due to the expansion of the universe? Assume GN-...
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67 views

How does the universe create more universe ( expand ) out of nothing? [duplicate]

By the law of conversation of energy, mass and matter, how does the universe get the energy to expand itself, and also expand faster than light!! Edit : my main question is that if the matter, energy ...
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What are the stages in the life of a universe?

Geological periods describe varying phases in the last few hundred million years on earth. Are there any names for the periods on a timescale 1-2 orders of magnitude greater, that is, for the stages ...
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Universe’s Glow Shows There Are Fewer/More Galaxies Than We Thought, Say Scientists

There are several articles like this: Universe’s Glow Shows There Are Fewer Galaxies Than We Thought, Say Scientists NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft beyond Pluto has made a groundbreaking measurement ...
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Can there be planets, stars and galaxies made of dark matter or antimatter?

We know that the universe has more dark and anti matter as compared to normal matter. Can there be dark matter galaxies or antimatter galaxies?
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Centre of the Universe [duplicate]

Why shouldn't the original singularity of the big bang happen to be the centre of the Universe? Assume that the universe is expanding isotropically with a constant speed.
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Where can I find galaxy spectra (in the form of FITS files)?

I know there's SDSS and I tried searching for the spectra through the navigate and explore tool under CAS as well as by using RA/Dec coordinates under SAS, but every single time it comes out with 0 ...
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List of galaxies with their dark matter halo

Where can one find the list of galaxies with their dark halo masses, I've searched several sites but I found no such proper list where the masses of their dark matter halo is compiled? Can anybody ...
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Do apparent magnitude (V) and photometric magnitude (specifically in optical V band between 500-600 nm) have a similar scale to stellar magnitude?

I'm graphing a table and I used the magnitude values from this database https://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-4 (It's the V/19/data catalog for "Masses and Ages of stars in 68 open clusters&...
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40 views

What is a UBV source for stars or stellar objects?

I was using the V19(VizieR) catalog and the main identifier of the stars was in terms of an 'ID' number which they mentioned as being 'Star number in UBV source' I have no idea what that means. How ...
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Was our Universe born inside a Black Hole [duplicate]

Is there any possibility that our Universe was just born inside a Black Hole? If so, then mathematically prove that it happened and if it didn't happen, then please mathematically disprove it.
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How do scientists know that distant parts of the universe obey the physical laws exactly as we observe around us?

How do scientists know that distant parts of the universe obey the physical laws exactly as we observe around us? The question might look a bit odd but I am really stuck on my head. We know, ...
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63 views

Is the Universe infinite? [duplicate]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universe Is the Universe infinite or finite ?
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Was universe spawn from nothing? [duplicate]

Was universe spawn from nothing? Until now, scientists figured out that the Big Bang happened from a tiny particle which was infinitely energy densed and having infinite mass. If that is the case ...
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1answer
108 views

Is most hydrogen in the universe in the form of plasma, atomic neutral hydrogen, ionized hydrogen, or molecular?

I have had trouble finding an answer somewhere.... Some places say most hydrogen is plasma, such as the stuff stars are made of (mostly) and the 'warm-hot intergalactic plasma'. Other places say ...
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Does the critical density of the Universe also include Dark Energy?

It is often said that it seems that the Universe is quite close to critical density (for example https://astronomy.swin.edu.au/cosmos/C/Critical+Density). Does this include Dark Energy as well (apart ...
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189 views

What is the shape of Universe?

What we can assume by the shape of universe. As I know when we talk about universe we talk about multi dimension structure but that structure should have some shape. I wonder that if we look the ...
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191 views

When will all other galaxies become not visible from Earth/Milky way?

I know that because of the universe expansion, at some point we will not see any other galaxies from Earth, and we will be able to see only our own galaxy. Does anyone have an origin or time ...
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How did we measure the mass of the universe?

In an wiki article, observable universe, it was mentioned that, Mass (ordinary matter) 1.5×10^53 kg I wonder how did we measure the mass of our observable universe?
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52 views

Picking two random points in space and drawing a line between them, what is the chance the line intersects anything?

I thought of this question after pondering how most of the observable universe is observable. If we can observe it, then the space between us and that object must have been unoccupied to allow the ...
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110 views

How can something infinitely big have expanded from an infinitely small?

Please help me reconcile what I see as contradicting theories: The universe began with the Big Bang and expanded from an infinitesimally small point. The universe is infinite. How can something ...
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What was the the value of the Hubble constant at the time of the CMB's 'release' (i.e., 379,000 years after Big Bang)?

What about its value roughly 9 billion years after the Big Bang, when dark energy started to 'take over' and accelerate the expansion of the universe? Is there a timeline or chart somewhere that shows ...
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Bounded Observable Universe; is there an object we once could see but can no longer? [duplicate]

If the universe is expanding faster than the speed of light, then there will be objects (matter or energy or whatever) that previously could be seen, but no longer can be seen, precisely because the ...
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Bounded Observable Universe and General Relativity

The book General Relativity for Mathematicians by Sachs and Wu defines a "spacetime" as a connected 4-dimensional, oriented and time oriented Lorentzian manifold. I emphasize the word "connected." ...
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161 views

What is the composition of the Universe in terms of Types Of Stars?

There are Main Sequence Stars Red Giants White Dwarfs Red Dwarfs Neutron Stars and other types of Stars. How many % of stars are Main Sequence? How many are Red Giants? and so on. I searched ...
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Will the “fabric of space time” rip from expansion?

I'm quite familiar with the fabric of space time theory and as I've been quite lonely these past few weeks, I started thinking that since the universe is expanding and since the "fabric" is the ...
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2answers
120 views

Is it be correct to say that we live in a young (only 14 billion years old) universe?

From what I have read, it seems that our universe is expected to function more or less as it does now for some $10^{12}$ years, possibly more. If that is correct, our universe's current age of $14$ ...
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what is the acceleration parameter in a universe?

Obtain the value of the acceleration parameter in a universe, including cosmological radiation and constant. what is the exactly acceleration parameter in a universe means ?
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How do we measure the age of the universe?

As mentioned in wiki/Age_of_the_universe, The current measurement of the age of the universe is around 13.8 billion years (as of 2015) – 13.799±0.021 billion years When my friend who is not from ...
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424 views

Will the Heat Death scenario ever occur or just the Big Freeze?

According to the Wikipedia page regarding the ultimate fate of the universe, heat death is a different scenario than the big freeze. It states that in the big freeze, temperature will asymptotically ...
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Why is rotational motion absolute, is the universe spinning? [duplicate]

When considering any object, one can say its translational movement is relative, depending on the point of view or reference frame adopted. If it moves at 1/4c relative to some observer, one might say ...
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If a black hole pulls every object in the universe, why there is a light around it?

I've seen some black hole images and I've seen some movies about it e.g(interstellar). I wonder why it has a light around it. Even if I know that light can't escape through it. Can someone enlighten ...
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The Matter Anti Matter Asymmetry

The matter anti matter asymmetry is still a mystery that still can't be explained. But what if there wasn't an asymmetry? Isn't it possible that there was exactly equal amounts of matter and anti ...
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Is the Big Bounce Theory valid? If so does that mean all this have happened before?

IF the universe is just an infinite loop of events from expanding to contracting does that mean all this has happened before? The initial conditions for the next big bang would (or rather could) be ...

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