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Questions tagged [universe]

Questions regarding all of time and space and its contents.

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The Size of the Observable Universe [duplicate]

In the history it has been demonstrated that the galaxies have gone away between if there is another thing that has allowed us to calculate the value of the acceleration of the expansion that ...
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0answers
28 views

Don’t mention of universe [duplicate]

Is the universe finite or infinite. What is the prevailing theory. If it is considered to be infinite, what is the probability that it is not. What data supports the prevalent opinion?
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2answers
80 views

If objects don't move when the universe expands, how can the expansion result in redshift?

I am approaching this topic from a layman's perspective and view this as a logic puzzle, but when someone tries to get me to accept the logic, I'm never convinced by their arguments. According to ...
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1answer
79 views

Did universe have finite hydrogen

According to this video stars at end of time and many others on fate of universe they all agree on one thing that stars will eventually convert all the hydrogen into heavier elements and eventually ...
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0answers
104 views

As the Universe expands, do things like planets expand also, or just the space in between?

Just what the question says. As the universe expands, and space expands, do objects like planets ever expand? Does the space INSIDE of those objects expand?
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1answer
82 views

Looking at the Expanding Universe through the lens of relativity [closed]

The basis and most observable metric for how the universe is understood to be expanding at an accelerating rate is the red shift in observable light. I am assuming it has been thought about or maybe ...
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1answer
103 views

How can you verify the theories presented on TV shows like “How the Universe Works” is current and/or valid? [closed]

There are many TV shows such as "How the Universe Works" that explain theories about the origin of the universe such as the Big-Bang Theory. What resources can I access to verify the scientific ...
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3answers
422 views

Can two planets in an empty universe meet/be pulled together?

For this question assume that the entire universe is completely empty. The universe is not expanding or contracting, it is completely motionless since time immemorial and has never moved before. Only ...
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1answer
94 views

What was the process of calculating how much darkmatter/matter/dark energy the observable universe consists of and how did it come at this conclusion

In 2015 the Planck satellite consortium released an analysis of data collected by the Planck satellite that showed this percentage break down of the universe’s mass/energy. Ordinary matter: 4.9% ...
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1answer
248 views

How stable is our Universe?

I've been reading and thinking about this subject for some time, but I can't seem to find a clear answer. After reading Q14: Aspects of the Higgs boson suggest that our Universe is only “...
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1answer
64 views

Is the universe always expanding

Currently we observe that the universe is expanding. And this expansion even goes faster and faster. Why do we know (or presume) that this expansion started slowly at a singularity (i.e. big bang) ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the total number of stars in the universe? [duplicate]

I mean a total number of stars, not the only ones that we can see.
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2answers
115 views

How much of the Universe is subatomic? [closed]

How much does subatomic particles such as photons, tachyons, and electron being the biggest particles etc. occupy space? If put in a ball how big of a ball would that be?
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1answer
65 views

Why Is The Expansion of The Universe Allowed To Move Faster Than Light? [duplicate]

Why is the expansion of the universe allowed to faster than light if everything that moves within a vacuum can't reach the speed limit of light? I've read that astronomers looked at the distance ...
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0answers
62 views

3-sphere universe [closed]

I have just read on this site that there is a Newtonian solution to Einstein's field equation but that it is spherically symmetrical and therefore not isotropic (having a centre for example) and so ...
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1answer
64 views

How can the universe be expanding? [duplicate]

I assume expansion implies an increase in the volume of the universe. But if the volume of the universe is increasing, does that not imply the area it is expanding into's volume is being reduced?
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2answers
126 views

What happens for a “closed” universe without any content?

Let an universe with no content and positive curvature. Friedmann-Lemaître equation $$H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\left(\rho_m+\rho_r+\rho_{\Lambda}\right)-\frac{k\, c^2}{a^2},$$ where $a$ corresponds to the ...
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0answers
98 views

Is the acceleration of the expansion of the universe a direct observation or an interpretation?

Is the acceleration of expansion we observe with supernovae direct or is this an interpretation according $\Lambda$CDM model ? I mean what we observe is luminosity distance versus redshift, so to see ...
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1answer
110 views

Is it possible that the Universe is expanding due to additional Big Bang events?

Is it theoretically possible that the Universe is expanding due to additional Big Bang events that have occurred at the same location that the original Big Bang occurred at? Perhaps there has been an ...
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2answers
84 views

Light beam (1 photon) in the limited universe?

If our universe is not infinite, what happens with the light beam (or photon) when it will travel through the whole universe? For example, observable universe according to wikipedia has diameter 93 ...
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2answers
143 views

Why do we presume that the universe has always expanded?

When I read about the universe having always expanded from a 'singularity', I can't help but wonder if that is perhaps not the case. If a singularity is a point at which everything is infinite and is, ...
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2answers
263 views

Does the edge of the Universe travel faster than the speed of light?

The Universe is expanding faster than the speed of light then does that mean matter at the edge of the universe is also traveling at the speed of light or are ether opposite sides of the universe are ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Yet another Question about the expansion of universe

A galaxy 13 billion light-years distant is 94% of the way to the big bang. The universe was 800 million years old when the light was emitted. That galaxy today is traveling away from us at 94% of the ...
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1answer
110 views

Methodology for size of Universe

I understand that the Universe could be either finite or infinite and that it is, at the least, "very large". :) My question is, why doesn't the math involved in making the CMB and other predictions, ...
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2answers
175 views

What explains the existence of energy/matter if it cannot be created or destroyed?

If the energy/matter that was contained in the singularity before the Big Bang had always existed, and if it’s true that energy/matter cannot be created or destroyed, then what explains its existence?
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4answers
213 views

Influences from outside the observable universe explaining dark energy and expansion?

Could some influence from outside the observable universe be causing the expansion?
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1answer
138 views

How can heavy elements exist when the universe is young compared to the lifetime of a star? [duplicate]

Our sun is said to be incapable of producing heavier elements, and these are thought to originate from older stars dying and going supernova. If our sun is 4-5 billion years old, and has a lifetime of ...
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2answers
882 views

Will a black hole swallow the universe?

If black holes swallow stuff, will a big black hole eventually swallow the universe? The universe will eventually go dark, because there will not be enough matter to make stars, and all that will be ...
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0answers
52 views

How to derive the equation for the age of a flat universe with a positive cosmological term?

Can anyone show the steps involved in deriving this equation from the friedmann equation with the cosmological constant involved
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1answer
129 views

Does the CMB pattern evolve in a human lifetime?

I was thinking, as CMB is a snapshot of a slice of the Universe during recombination, how much the cmb is changing with time ? I mean as we progress in time we look a CMB a bit more faraway each time, ...
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1answer
66 views

Question on Friedman equation involving cosmological constant

This is the question: By considering both the Friedmann and acceleration equations, and assuming a pressureless Universe, demonstrate that in order to have a static Universe we must have a closed ...
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1answer
46 views

Where can I find source data for the graph of metric expansion over time, as shown in this ESA web page?

This web page from ESA/Hubble, shows the size of the universe over time. (I know that "size of the universe" is a gross simplification and open to multiple definitions and ambiguity, but this kind of ...
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3answers
102 views

Account for radiation energy in the statement “total energy of universe is zero”

I've read in Hawking's book The Theory of Everything that total energy of the Universe is zero. He explained this by saying that if there are two bodies separated by a distance and having some mass, ...
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3answers
623 views

Why black holes are extremely cold?

"The most massive black holes in the Universe, the supermassive black holes with millions of times the math [sic] of the Sun will have a temperature of 1.4 x $10^{-14}$ Kelvin. That's low. Almost ...
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1answer
70 views

SETI search for extraterrestrial life [closed]

In all these years of listening, why hasn't SETI detected anything ? Is there no intelligent life out there or is it too far away to detect ?
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1answer
57 views

Is the Cosmos a super set of the Universe and any hypothetical multiverse(s)? [closed]

I'm quite lost on the definitions of words like omniverse, megaverse, multiverse, meta-universe, universe, and cosmos. I used to think the Universe and the Cosmos were essentially the same things, but ...
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3answers
7k views

What would happen to a polished marble statue left in space for a million years?

Consider it doesn't collide with any other objects. Would it be preserved perfectly in the vacuum or would its surface be damaged by anything like UV rays, radiation, gas, space dust, etc?
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1answer
95 views

what happens when we keep going radially away from earth?

Is the generally accepted belief in the science community, that if one sits in a spaceship and move away from Earth where r (distance between earth and my ship) is continuously increasing, can one ...
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1answer
149 views

Use of type-I a supernovae as standard candle

Why only type -Ia supernovae are used as standard candle to calculate age of universe and why not type II, type Ib, type 1c ?
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2answers
80 views

What happens if one day aliens want to talk to us. How can we talk to them? [closed]

Always I wonder about that if some day alien wants to talk to us, then how can we talk to them? They didn't know any of the language on the Earth. What will be the basic building blocks for it?
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1answer
157 views

If the Universe is Flat, why does it look 3D from our View?

So I know that the universe is flat in a 4D point of view, but what about a 3D point of view? The universe does not SEEM flat from our view, so how can it really be so? Please answer more simple, im ...
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2answers
139 views

Is there any way to tell which way is the next universe? [closed]

Is there a observable void outside our universe that can give a clue on how far the next on is? How many universes can surround ours? What does a universes gravity well look like?
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2answers
63 views

How to fix a Direction in the context of universe? [duplicate]

My question is regarding the direction/orientation of earth. Is it a constant with reference to universal parameters?
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1answer
79 views

Can the shedding of radiation of stars contribute to the red-shift of the universe?

The sun is losing mass(1.5cm per year) by emitting radiation and the orbits of the planets are widening because of the weakening gravity of the sun. Are most of the stars shedding mass via ...
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1answer
125 views

Universe becoming finite

If sometime in the distant future, the Universe stopped expanding, would this mean that the Universe was no longer infinite?
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1answer
270 views

Would a future hole in the Cosmic Microwave Background show us the edge of the universe?

If my understanding is correct, the Cosmic Microwave Background always come from our event horizon. By event horizon I mean the edge of the observable universe. If the universe is finite does it mean ...
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1answer
187 views

How can we ge to the exoplanet Proxima b? [closed]

I would like to know please how can we get to the exoplanet Proxima b. I heard it is the potentially habitable exoplanet closet to Earth at only 4.2 light years away. So exciting!
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1answer
7k views

Are there more stars in the universe than grains of sand in the Earth?

My ten year old daughter asked me this question at breakfast and I initially said yes, but on second thought I was also puzzled.
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2answers
358 views

What is a probability of a particle launched from earth hitting any object in the universe?

Imagine I pointed a laser into the night sky. How likely is it that a particular photon will ever hit anything? This question bothered me for a while. I know very little about astronomy. When I asked ...
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1answer
452 views

What will the universe be like in a googolplex years time?

It will be cold and dark in 10^(10^100) years. What else can be said of the state of things in the far distant future? Will everything have fallen into supermassive black holes and then radiated ...