Questions tagged [universe]

Questions regarding all of time and space and its contents.

18 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Significantly blueshifted Lyman-$\alpha$

Lyman-$\alpha$ line in galaxies is notably known to show a double peaked profile, mainly due to its scattering in a moving medium, see e.g., the very recent Matthee et al. 2021, The X-SHOOTER Lyman-α ...
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66 views

Scalar field displacement from the minimum of the potential gives rise to particles/dark matter, why?

The paper Lyman-alpha Constraints on Ultralight Scalar Dark Matter by Kobayashi et al. says, at the beginning of Section 3.1: A light scalar field stays frozen at its initial field value in the early ...
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34 views

what is the acceleration parameter in a universe?

Obtain the value of the acceleration parameter in a universe, including cosmological radiation and constant. what is the exactly acceleration parameter in a universe means ?
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Is the acceleration of the expansion of the universe a direct observation or an interpretation?

Is the acceleration of expansion we observe with supernovae direct or is this an interpretation according $\Lambda$CDM model ? I mean what we observe is luminosity distance versus redshift, so to see ...
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1answer
178 views

Could the Universe really be 12.5-13 billion years old?

My initial reaction is that "this must be wrong" and apparently that's a lot of people's initial reaction according to the article. https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/universe-may-be-billion-years-...
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How did we measure the mass of the universe?

In an wiki article, observable universe, it was mentioned that, Mass (ordinary matter) 1.5×10^53 kg I wonder how did we measure the mass of our observable universe?
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102 views

Is the Big Bounce Theory valid? If so does that mean all this have happened before?

IF the universe is just an infinite loop of events from expanding to contracting does that mean all this has happened before? The initial conditions for the next big bang would (or rather could) be ...
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Why does the star formation rate correlate with the total stellar mass in star forming galaxies?

The so-called "Main Sequence" of star-forming galaxies (e.g., Brinchmann et al. 2004; Noeske et al. 2007) clearly points to a linear relation between the stellar mass of galaxies and their star ...
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151 views

The energy density of DM (to be fluid,state parameter=-2)increases with time. Does it violate the concept of accelerating universe?

We know that dark energy with value of state parameter $\omega<-1$ is called phantom dark energy model. In this model if we assume dark energy to be a fluid with value of state parameter $\omega=-2$...
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135 views

How to derive the equation for the age of a flat universe with a positive cosmological term?

Can anyone show the steps involved in deriving this equation from the friedmann equation with the cosmological constant involved
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19 views

Do apparent magnitude (V) and photometric magnitude (specifically in optical V band between 500-600 nm) have a similar scale to stellar magnitude?

I'm graphing a table and I used the magnitude values from this database https://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-4 (It's the V/19/data catalog for "Masses and Ages of stars in 68 open clusters&...
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What is the largest cluster of merging galaxies?

Reading about the Andromeda–Milky Way collision, a galactic collision predicted to occur in about 4.5 billion years between the two galaxies, I went to the galaxy merger page and Wikipedia states that ...
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46 views

Probability of collision of another bubble universe with our universe

This is rephrased from a previous question and expanding on it. Considering the model of an "inflating" universe which extends infinitely in past (and possibly future) time, constantly creating new ...
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1answer
82 views

Invisible Mass Affecting the Expansion of the Universe

Are there enough neutrinos & other invisible particles in a cubic light year of space to significantly affect the expansion of the universe,& at a very rough estimate without taking into ...
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103 views

Energy to expand

I do have a small question, which may seem a bit stupid but we are all here to learn. Anyways my question is: Is the universe expanding using the energy it had from the Big Bang? if so what would ...
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45 views

Is there any theory suggesting the expanding universe may be coupled to another shrinking universe

Our Universe is supposed to be expanding. I was curious if there was any theory suggesting the expanding universe may be coupled to another shrinking universe?
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41 views

How long does it take for a galaxy (or other object) to disappear behind the cosmic sight horizon?

After looking at this question, I am wondering, how long does it take for a galaxy or other space object, to disappear from our view from the Milky Way due to the expansion of the universe? Assume GN-...
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Where can I find galaxy spectra (in the form of FITS files)?

I know there's SDSS and I tried searching for the spectra through the navigate and explore tool under CAS as well as by using RA/Dec coordinates under SAS, but every single time it comes out with 0 ...