All Questions

4
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the smallest diameter black hole that can be formed naturally?

I was watching the video I Put a 1mm Size Black Hole Next to Earth and This Happened - Universe Sandbox 2 discussing what would happen if a 1 millimeter black hole is orbiting the earth, and I began ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How wide is the Moon's umbra and penumbra at EM-L2?

Measuring the total width of the Moon's umbra and penumbra at EM-L2, 64,700 km, how wide would the shadow be?
2
votes
3answers
83 views

Is there a far away probe that has recorded the light spectrum from Earth as if it were an exoplanet?

We analyze the light spectrum of stars and distant planets to know characteristics like: chemical composition, temperature, mass, etc. Starting from the same principle, a probe at the border of the ...
4
votes
3answers
79 views

cosmic-microwave-background - 2.7 degrees but does the Big Bang care?

The Big Bang is a proposed answer to the beginning of the universe, and the Cosmic Microwave Background or CMB is a central part of the evidence for it. Now suppose the measurement returned a ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Why does the Sun show different colour at midday and at morning?

As we see every day in the morning the sun shows a red-orange colour but at midday has a blue-white like colour why? Is it concerned with the distance from the earth or about intensity? How do you ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Is it coincidence that Einstein predicted exactly twice the outcome of Newton for the gravitational deflection of light? [duplicate]

During a solar eclipse Sir Arthur Eddington measured the deflection of star light by the Sun. Einstein predicted a deflection of 1.74 arc seconds, but according to Newton the deflection should have ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Why was helium hydride (HeH+) the universe's first molecule?

The abstract of the new Nature paper Astrophysical detection of the helium hydride ion HeH+ tell us that infrared spectroscopy from SOFIA detected ...rotational ground-state transition of HeH+ at ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Why hasn't the Earth fallen into the sun yet?

So the Earth's been orbiting the sun in a relatively stable orbit for billions of years now. during that time, it's been plowing through dust, and hit by comets and asteroids, presumably mostly from ...
51
votes
3answers
7k views

Where did TRAPPIST-1a go?

According to the NASA announcement and the Wikipedia article on TRAPPIST-1, the planets around the TRAPPIST-1 star are named TRAPPIST-1 b through h. What happened to "TRAPPIST-1 a"?
2
votes
3answers
480 views

What phenomenon causes “lunar waves”?

In multiple video clips of the moon but also one of Jupiter, some kind of waves can be observed. Is this just the effect of the object moving behind layers of different refractive indexes (similar to ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the force that changes a satellite’s inclination when orbiting a planet with an equatorial bulge

I tried looking this up without success and I imagine there's a formula for it, with some ridiculous numbers like it drops off to the 5th power of the distance or maybe even more. Imagine a planet ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Is blue light not traveling faster then red light in space?

I just can't understand why light and other massless particles are not traveling at different speeds? Gravity effects anything with a mass but light has no mass but a black hole, and weak lensing ...
0
votes
3answers
262 views

Asteroid locations at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus

I am interested in learning the locations and velocities of the near earth asteroids at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. I would like to back-calculate the paths of all known near earth ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Necessary steps to calculate photon's path by using null geodesic equation

Can anyone please give me an explanation on how to calculate photon's path by using the null geodesic equation? N.B. I know all of the non-zero values of Christoffel symbols.
8
votes
3answers
204 views

When did “resilvering” large telescope mirrors actually refer to aluminization, and why was it necessary?

This answer nicely summarizes the general picture of historical use of silver for mid to large size telescope mirrors, and the shift to aluminum once good quality vacuum pumps and chambers suitable ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Do we know the availability of any material suitable for solar cells on the moon?

Disclaimer: I have no formal training in any scientific field. Have we located any material suitable for solar panels already on the moon? Or does it appear that they would have be imported?
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How can I get the fluxes of fetch_imaging_sample? - astroML

I'm working with astroML in Python and I need to get the fluxes from the magnitudes in r band of fetch_imaging_sample(). ...
5
votes
3answers
624 views

Does the Earth orbiting around the Earth-Moon barycenter cause a measurable centrifugal force?

I just realized the Earth is not a stationary object with the moon orbiting around it. As shown in this minimalist animation from Wikipedia, the Earth actually orbits a common barycenter with the ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

How to determine the eccentricity, knowing the orbital speed and distance

How to determine the orbital eccentricity of a planet, knowing the instantaneous orbital speed of it and the distance from the Sun to the planet at that moment?
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Do we know the fluctuations and constant temperature depth of the moon?

Disclaimer: I have no formal scientific training. From what I understand, surface temperature effects on Earth extend only so far into the ground so that at a certain depth the temperature remains ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Can anyone one show how speeds greater than c cause a paradox on a space time diagram?

So according to Relativity, time moves at different rates for different observers, and distant observers will actually disagree on the order of events. Now from what I gather this gets sorted out for ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Why is the Earth called terrestrial? Can we call the Earth an ocean planet?

Why is Earth called a terrestrial planet even though it is 70% covered by water?
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What happened to the third planet in the Kepler-47 system?

In 2012, the discovery paper for the multiplanet circumbinary system Kepler-47 mentioned a potential third transiting planet in the system: A 0.2% deep transit-like event is present at time 2,455,...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How impermeable are the surfaces of the moon?

In the event that we want to dig into the surface of either face of the moon do we know yet if the surfaces of the moon are particularly difficult or particularly easy to dig in?
4
votes
2answers
147 views

Does matter accelerate to the speed of light as it approaches the singularity?

$$v_\mathrm e=\sqrt{\frac{2GM}r}$$ If we understand the escape velocity to be the speed needed to escape from the 'surface' of a gravitational object described by the above equation. It is equally ...
3
votes
3answers
681 views

Black hole density

How does more compression relate to a stronger gravitational pull. Like, when we say that a black hole is a tiny space that has 20-30 suns compressed in it, how does this increase its density and ...
10
votes
3answers
162 views
+50

What else could the Event Horizon Telescope Observe?

The Event Horizon Telescope was made possible in order to observe the details of supermassive black holes. This took a huge amount of work installing extra telescopes and developing the hardware and ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Difference of Gas Giant Planet and Ice Giant?

What is the Difference of or the Structure of a GAS PLANET AND AN ICE GIANT Why they called ICE GIANTS like Neptune and Uranus. Do they have a similarity ?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to improve efficiency in periodicity detection?

Our data set has $10^4$ data points, but has a long baseline and many gaps. If we bin the data, there would be $10^8$ data points ($[t,\rm {value}]$), but only about 1% are non-zero values. How to ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Comprehensible full manual for bolometric light curve reconstruction

Could anyone point me to some manual or tutorial, possibly step-by-step one, on reconstruction of (quasi-) bolometric light curve using UBVRI-photometry data? Both links and names are fine for me.
0
votes
0answers
56 views

The reason why the Sun doesn't explode? [duplicate]

I know that the Sun is made up of hydrogen and helium. Also, hydrogen explodes when it touches a flame. But why does the Sun not explode?
1
vote
1answer
109 views

What is the farthest we can see into the universe?

Is there a limit in which the mass in space obscure the ability to detect anything farther even as technology progresses? Related: Can the range of the observable universe be extended through an ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

How does the black hole at the center of M87 look like in the visible spectrum?

I learned here that the picture of the black hole we saw all over the news was a false color image, based on the radio spectrum emissions. How would the black hole at the center of M87 look like when ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

How do we know Milky Way is a 'barred' spiral galaxy?

In reference to the question, "How can we tell that the milky way is a spiral galaxy?" The answers there clearly sum up the question asked. But Milky Way is not just a spiral galaxy. It is further ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How far does the Earth travel around the Sun during each month of the year?

After reading about the Earth's orbit and how it moves faster in January than it does in July (based on its distance from the Sun), I started to wonder... How far does the Earth travel around the Sun ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What is that light of the middle of the milky way galaxy?

I'm Being confused what is that light in the middle of milky way galaxy? Image is from Charting the Milky Way From the Inside Out The text with the image explains a lot about the spiral arms and the ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Existence of a mass-volume astronomical chart?

I've been wanting to make a mass-volume (or mass-radius) chart for astronomical objects ranging from asteroids to supermassive black holes on a log-log scale. A sort of 'Hertzsprung-Russel' type ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Knowing the RA/DEC of a star how do i locate a star from ground?

Standing in Melbourne at 4 am in the morning on 14th April 2019, Sirus RA = 06h 45m 08.9s, Dec = -16° 42' 58"..How do I Locate this. Standing facing east I turn myself towards south approx 90 Deg and ...
-6
votes
0answers
55 views

Can Point Set Topology prove that the Alpha Centauri Double Star System is a mirage? [on hold]

The following diagram is a consequence of Apollonian groups. (1) If the diagram is to be taken seriously, a magneto-optic correction of the 137th order for charged particle telescopes will reveal why ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

Are Torsors useful mathematics for modeling Spiral Galaxies? [on hold]

The local interstellar cloud seems to spiral into sunspots as time approaches positive and negative infinity - behavior I've always imagined representative of spiral galaxies. I am curious if any ...
6
votes
3answers
377 views

Why does the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) not include telescopes from Africa, Asia or Australia?

The Event Horizon Telescope seems to include these radio telescopes currently: Image by European Southern Observatory (ESO)/O. Furtak; CC-BY 4.0-licensed, see the source on Wikipedia Commons and the ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the Structure of Earth's atmosphere?

What are the Structure of the atmosphere of the earth and what is the difference compare to other planets ?
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Can we get the gas compositions from a gas planets? [on hold]

Is it possible to get some gases like hydrogen from gas planets (Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus or Neptune)?
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Clarity on dust extinction terms and implementation: R_V, A_V, and E(B-V)

I have created a model galaxy spectrum using STARBURST99 and want to compare it to an observed spectrum of a particular galaxy. I understand that I need to redden ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

How to correct observed flux densities for redshift

Say I have a spectrum of a galaxy at a redshift $z$, in flux density units of erg/s/cm^2/Angstrom. I'd like to recover the spectrum (in the same flux density units) at z=0, i.e. at its rest ...
26
votes
2answers
7k views

Why didn't the Event Horizon Telescope team mention Sagittarius A*?

At the press conference this morning, the Event Horizon Telescope team didn't say much about Sagittarius A*, which was the target many of us have been waiting for. Is there any explanation anywhere ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

The Size of the Observable Universe [duplicate]

In the history it has been demonstrated that the galaxies have gone away between if there is another thing that has allowed us to calculate the value of the acceleration of the expansion that ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

How do radio telescopes gather information about visible light?

Is the first image of a black hole that was captured by the Event Horizon Telescope what would be seen with a large enough optical telescope (or with the naked eye from a proper distance of the black ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Are we looking for brown dwarfs where the dark matter has to be?

We have been repeatedly assured that their ain't enough brown dwarfs to account for all the dark matter in our galaxy. My question is have we been looking in the right places? Or in more detail. ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views
+50

Is there an optimum orbit for a hipparcos/GAIA-like parallax observatory

The GAIA spacecraft is currently mapping the stars in the Milky Way by parallax. It orbits in the Earth-Sun L2 lagrange point. The parallax observed from the spacecraft orbiting around the sun allows ...

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