All Questions

3
votes
2answers
21 views

How to calculate the argument of perihelion for exoplanets with incomplete orbital elements?

I'm trying to simulate the Kepler-444 exoplanetary system using data from this website. The problem is that there is no argument of periapsis parameter for the Kepler-444 system, so while I think I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Which is the farthest distance a particular distant known- identified object from the asteroid belt can get from the sun?

According to Space facts The Asteroid Belt is located in an area of space between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. That places it between 2.2 and 3.2 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun But ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

What I can see with a 80/900 refractor telescope?

Recently I bought a telescope after a very good conversation with an astronomer friend of mine. The main goal is to see planets. However, Mars is so difficult and is far to find it in opposition. I ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

What is so special about the Ultima Thule passed by New Horizon spacecraft?

I read that the New Horizon spacecraft passed by the Ultima Thule. I also got to know that it is a flat, snowman-shaped rock. What is so special about it?
4
votes
1answer
393 views

Is this the Cancer constellation?

In this photo taken by SpaceX during one of their Falcon 9 launches, I noticed a familiar group of stars but I'm not sure of what it really is. I encircled it in red, is this group the Cancer ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Comparing accuracy in Starry Night and Alcyone Software

From what I understand, Starry night (https://starrynight.com/starry-night-7-professional-astronomy-telescope-control-software.html) is more focussed on simulating the night sky whereas Alcyone (...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Are galaxies moving in each direction with same speed?

All galaxies are moving away from each other (us) because of the expansion of the universe. Are they moving with same speed in each direction?
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Star rotational axes and Solar system orientations

How does the orientation of stars axes of rotation and any planetary systems relate to the plane of the galaxy? Is there any relationship that has been detected, are they grouped from their parental ...
10
votes
1answer
787 views

What is a hypernova and have we observed any?

Inspired by the question "What does it mean for a star to go nova or supernova? Can I safely observe these?", I am curious about what hypernovas are? Have we observed any occurring, or the at least ...
6
votes
1answer
701 views

Could dark energy be negative gravity?

Main question: Could dark energy (the mysterious accelerating expansion of the universe) be explained by "negative gravity"? "Spin off" questions: Does antimatter have negative gravity? If ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

What's the proportion of Mars' surface compared to Earth's surface uncovered of water?

How does Mars surface compare to Earth's surface? Mars is quite smaller than Earth, but most Earth's surface is covered with water. I thought making the math could be relatively easy but Earth isnt a ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Where can I find/visualize planets/stars/moons/etc positions?

What resources are available to find the positions of planets, stars, moons, artifical satellites, asteroids, and other heavenly bodies?
27
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there any known moon of a moon? [duplicate]

As far as I understand, a moon is an object in permanent orbit around a planet, dwarf-planet, asteroid, etc. If there was another object permanently orbiting this moon, would that be a moon-moon? Is ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

White Dwarf/Degenerate Gas Behaviour

just want to try to clarify a few things about the nature of White Dwarfs and degenerate gases. So if a white dwarf is help up by an electron degenerate gas, the electrons are unable to lose energy ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

How come the Sun does not make the Moon crash on the Earth?

As the Moon loops around the Earth, on one side of the Earth it moves toward the Sun (let's call it downward side) and on the other side it moves away from the Sun (let's call it the upward side). ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views
+50

How does the size of a naked black hole effect its photon sphere?

What effect does the size of a black hole have on the size or density of the photon sphere and it's proximity to the horizon? For example: A person is in space looking at 2 black holes, one of them ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

How do we know that the mass ratio of hydrogen and helium in the sun is approximately 3:1?

From what I learnt, we can find what elements are in the sun by analysing spectrums since each elements has same emission spectrum, and when you look at the sun's spectrum, you can see absorption ...
6
votes
2answers
91 views

Why do sun spots appear near the equator of the Sun?

I noticed on many examples sun spots are near the equator of the Sun. Why are there no sun spots closer to the poles of the Sun?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Historical Distance of Planets to Earth

I'm curious if there is a readily accessible tool available, or simply a reliable way to find out what the distance of the planets in the solar system were on a given date. For example, if I am ...
3
votes
1answer
300 views

What is the distance of Earth from the 7 planets, moons and the Sun at a point of time?

I wanted to know the distance of the 7 planets (Mercury, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune ) each (or at least 5 planets) from the earth and the angle that it will make with a line ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How Do we know about redshift?

Okay so scientists use the red shift to know that galaxies are moving away from us faster than light. How do we know that its not just red light from red stars. i mean most stars are in the infrared ...
7
votes
1answer
332 views

Wouldn't the rings of Saturn experience tidal effect?

The "Lord of the Rings" has more than 60 moons, some of which are larger than Mercury. My question is, wouldn't the ring, which is mostly comprised of rocks, experience tidal effect whenever a moon is ...
3
votes
1answer
554 views

Sky view from Stellarium software vs. Sky view with naked eye

I'm slowly starting to interest in astronomy. Currently I'm enjoying in stargazing but unfortunately place where I live is very light polluted. I'm planing my vacation in a couple of months and one ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

How can a galaxy in-between our view and the galaxy behind it have a 'lensing effect'?

In this article, the author writes: This galaxy is so distant that it would have been invisible without the gravitational lensing effects of a large galaxy cluster called Abell 1689, located nearly ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What would be the dynamics of a double-planet system, similar to Earth / Moon, but with both bodies nearly Earth-sized?

Researching a sci-fi story involving a "twin-planet" system. Is such an arrangement (however unlikely) physically possible? And if so, must they be tidally locked with each other, similar to the moon, ...
7
votes
2answers
116 views

When is optical refraction important in astronomy?

What are commonly important astrophysical systems/models, where optical refraction is important or necessary to account for? I would kindly ask you not to consider refraction in Earth's atmosphere or ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Asteroid identification in fits image

I have a fits image, and I need to identify an asteroid. What characteristics do I look out for?
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Do moons have moons?

Have we discovered any natural satellites of natural satellites of planets or dwarf planets? Even very small, or relatively short-lived - e.g. ringlets around Saturn's moons, some meteorites orbiting ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Mass of the universe

How do we calculate the mass of the universe taking into consideration dark matter? Mass of visible matter can be computed by stellar method, but how do we calculate mass of dark matter which we don'...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to calculate the time of Ekadashi days?

Is there an official reference algorithm for calculating the Ekadashi days? I found the textual description of Ekadashi calculation on wikipedia but can't really make sense of it in order to write ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Motivation for using $\sigma_{8}$?

Press-Schechter formalism allows one to universally quantify the number of massive dark matter halos in a given volume -- The Halo Mass Function. The density contrast is given by the rms mass variance ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Change in declination due to precession

If the presenet declination(0°) and R.A(3 h) are known , when will the declination have the same value again?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How long a photon stay suspended in orbit around a black hole?

Can a black hole free from an accretion disk collect photons in the photon sphere in a prolonged stable orbit? Could enough photons be in orbit to shade the actual black hole with light? Would a ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Finding the diameter of a molecular cloud using period of intensity variation of hydroxyl maser

So I have this problem (which I translated to English as accurately as could): When studying a compact molecular cloud with radiotelescope, at a wavelength of 18 cm, hydroxyl (OH) maser(ic) ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Found green rock 20cm below surface, is this an meteor piece? [on hold]

I am wondering if this rock on picture below is meteor fragment? If so what composition you think it is? It is magnetic i tried with magnet and it sticks to it very strong, it does have a lot of mass.
9
votes
9answers
3k views

What's the largest non-spherical astronomical object in the universe?

Some asteroids and comets are non-spherical. But is the nature of big things and gravity so that large things in the universe are always spherical? What is the biggest astronomical object in terms of ...
4
votes
1answer
445 views

USNO moon images look quite different?

I visited: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/imagery/moon http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO/time/moon-phase-images within seconds of each other, and saw two very different "current moon images": Is one of ...
25
votes
3answers
4k views

Why can't light escape from a black hole?

I've heard that light can't escape from a black hole. Can it? If not, why?
3
votes
0answers
80 views
+50

How much magnetic attraction is there between the Sun and Earth?

How much magnetism is there between the Earth and Sun? Would the distance from the Sun differ for not the Earth iron core and how much?
2
votes
0answers
62 views
+50

Any information on the salt content of Mars' atmospheric dust?

Answers to and comments on How to drink water on Mars? suggest that one would not want to drink melted water ice obtained from exposed surface deposits near the poles because it may contain various ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What causes the duration of moon phases (the time the moon is visible above the horizon) to vary for an observer in the northern hemisphere?

Why does each phase of the moon stay up a different number of hours per phase, so that, for example, January’s full moon was up twice as long as the new moon? Plus every month this bulge shifts and at ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Can rogue/nomad planets and other starless planetary bodies orbit each other in a stable system?

Nomad planets (also called planemos or rogues planets) which drift in space without a star or substellar object to orbit. The majority of such planets we have discovered are gas planets with thick ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Astronomy/Astrophysics Project With C++/C/Python [on hold]

I am a Computer Science Engineering student, in the 1st year of college. I'm insanely interested in making a project regarding astronomy/astrophysics but I don't know where to begin from. I know C, C++...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

How does making a refracting telescope very long reduce the chromatic aberration of an uncorrected lens?

Below are two cropped views of "Johannes Hevelius's 8 inch telescope with an open work wood and wire "tube" that had a focal length of 150 feet to limit chromatic aberration." from Harvard University, ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

How was Cruithne's orbital time calculated?

How was it determined that Cruithne takes 770 years to complete its cycle with Earth? Janus and Epimetheus were disovered long enough ago, and have short enough cycle times, that we've had time to ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What causes random irregularities in the earth's rotation accounted for by dynamical time

I read in a book that the earth's rotation sometimes shows unpredictable irregularities(not caused by precession, nutation, tidal forces) which are accounted for using dynamical time. What would be ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Why the Circumstellar Habitable Zone is defined as it is, if life could be possible outside of it?

According to Circumstellar habitable zone In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

nonagesimal in Kepler's parallax computation

I'm starting to learn Kepler's Astronomia Nova using William Donahue's translation . In the translator's introduction, it is demonstrated how Kepler did his parallax computation. I failed to ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

Stars located outside of a galaxy

How common or rare is it to find stars outside of a galaxy? Can such a star still have planets that contain life? Recently, I think that I heard of a star with a planet that entered our Galaxy. Did ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

What does half-lit means?

Aristarchus estimated the relative distance of the Sun and Moon by observing the angle between the Sun and the Moon (α in the diagram) when the Moon is exactly half lit. Angle β must be 90° for ...

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