All Questions

2
votes
1answer
25 views

Why a blue spot in some hubble images of NGC 4302?

In some images with coloring like in this one: There is a noticeably bluer region in the "bottom left" of the image, and the bottom part of the galaxy on the left. Being an inexperienced galaxy ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Are exoplanets which are above escape velocity of particular interest?

I was perusing the exoplanet database and looking for some of the more extreme orbits, when I happened upon HD 20782 B: http://exoplanets.org/detail/HD_20782_b Which is also listed (in two sentences)...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Word for the blue ring around the Earth

Is there a word for the complete blue ring around the Earth seen when the viewer is in MEO, in the shadow of the Earth, with sunlight passing through the atmosphere. Google Earth simulation
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Word for blue ring around the Earth

From certain positions in outer space the Earth will appear to have a blue ring around it when the viewer is in the shadow of the Earth and sunlight is passing through the atmosphere. Here is a ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

What is the temperature about 10 or 15 feet below Mars' surface?

I was wondering this for a school paper I'm writing.
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Calculation of day lengths of moons or moons of moons

Is it possible to calculate the day lengths of moons or moons of moons? If so, does the day length depend on the longitude as well as the latitude? Also, if we calculate the day length, is it possible ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Can I learn astrophysics and astronomy with my basic math?

I want to learn astrophysics and astronomy, I'm very interested in it because there are many questions that popped up in my head, and really curious about things, but I'm afraid of a little bit on ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Are black holes spherical during merger?

I've been thinking about black holes, specifically during the final moments before two merge. I'm wondering if black holes, or I guess more specifically their event horizons, are always spherical. ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Calculating the range of visible Right Ascension and Declination from specific location + time

Given a specific date and time, and coordination of a location on earth, how can I calculate (myself, or using a python package) range of visible RA and Dec? For example (but I'm looking for a ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Why isn't Earth tidally locked to the sun?

Given that the moon has long been tidally locked with the Earth, why isn't Earth (or any of our other solar system's planets) tidally locked to the sun?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Could an Earth-like magnetic field protect life at exoplanet Proxima Centauri b?

I took a look at Wikipedia's page for Proxima Centauri b, the exoplanet that orbits Proxima Centauri, where it is said it is expected to receive 2000 times of stellar wind pressures than on Earth. It ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles?

How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles? How were observations of the poles of Mercury geometrically possible from Earth? How was "high-resolution (1.5-km) imaging" possible from ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Question from a non-astronomer /non-mathematician regarding rotation speeds

I have been watching too much TV related to black holes. Most black holes are depicted with a disk of matter that spirals into the black hole. Does the mass and diameter of the disk have a bearing on ...
-5
votes
1answer
66 views

How were the orbital sizes determined in ancient India? [on hold]

Rg Veda of ancient India contains a code that gives all planetary orbital information visible in the night sky. It is worth knowing the origins of our solar system and its development through the ages....
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Extracting kinematics from stellar spectra. Why are template stellar spectra necessary?

I am trying to understand how to extract stellar velocity and velocity dispersion maps from spectral cubes, but with no success so far. To be more precise, I do not understand why people use stellar ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Is there a term for asteroseismology as applied to giant planets?

Giant planets such as Jupiter have oscillations which enable analyses using the techniques of asteroseismology, for example Gaulme et al. (2011) detected global modes on Jupiter via radial velocity ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

really fast moving star-like light [duplicate]

I don't know ANYTHING about astronomy but I know what I saw and 2 of my siblings saw it too. I initially thought it was a shooting star, but a Google search quickly made it clear that it wasn't. it ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Why doesn't the solar azimuth vary uniformly

For the past few dates, I've been observing the rotation of the earth around the sun and noticed that the azimuth of the sun doesn't vary uniformly throughout the day. The azimuth varies faster during ...
1
vote
4answers
71 views

Is it plausible for a planet that is positioned in the habitable area of a solar system to have little extractable metals?

I am big fan of Asimov's Foundation and I am wondering about the plausibility of some of Foundation's imagined words. According to this article Terminus was a special world with little metals: It ...
-2
votes
2answers
154 views

Ludwig's star distance

Mizar and Alcor, each about 83 light-years away, have a fainter line-of-sight companion known as Ludwig's star, which was mistaken for a planet in 1722. The Wikipedia page only says it is "roughly ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Given a star's mass, age, and composition, how do I calculate the rest of its properties?

If I'm given a star's starting mass, starting composition (metallicity), and its current age, How do I calculate the star's luminosity, current mass, and radius? I want to know how to do this for any ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Why does the number of extrasolar planets vary in different sources?

There are at least three catalogues that are counting up-to-date discovered exoplanets. What criteria do they use to count the number of planets? Every catalogue has a different count value. So at ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Is Enceladus the moon with salty water?

May anyone tell me does it known if Enceladus has water and is that water salty?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Question on dec 2013 answer to“How to measure the altitude and azimuth of a star?”

I am looking at your response to the above question. You stated: For Northern Hemisphere, a star that is crossing the North local meridian (that is, between the Zenith and the North Horizon) the ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Why are Bok globules so cold?

I have recently read a bit a out Bok globules. One thing, that is repeatedly emphasised is that they are among the coldest objects in space, with a temperature of ~3 K. Why is that so? Naively, I ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Relationship between Periapsis and apoapsis longitude

What is the relationship between Periapsis and Apoapsis longitude ? Are they 180° apart ? (ie) Periapsis + 180° = Apoapsis ? Related question: if apoapsis is not known, what orbital elements are ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

How to check what telescopes were looking at a certain portion of sky at a particular time?

I have some data that I collected from observations at a specific RA, DEC and I am trying to figure out what telescope surveys were looking at that portion of the sky at that particular time? I am ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Are there any estimates for the combined mass of all near earth objects (NEOs)?

I tried looking around but couldn't find any sources attempting to answer this particular question. It's obviously impossible to know the exact answer, but all I'm looking for is an estimate. My ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

A good definition of specific intensity?

I’m studying specific intensity for a course on astronomical instrumentation. I can’t quite get my head around the proper definition of the term. One definition I’ve found in various lecture notes / ...
6
votes
2answers
83 views

Why would tidal forces on planets become more intense when a star becomes a white dwarf?

I was puzzled by this press release by the Royal Astronomical Society: "Small, hardy planets most likely to survive death of their stars" - phys.org, May 14, 2019 Astrophysicists from the Warwick ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Astrophysics of Supernovae - Energy over Distance?

I need this for worldbuilding, but it is a physics question. I want to be able calculate the energy over distance from a hypernova of a variable star like Eta Carinae. Understanding what energy levels ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Expansion of space or constriction of length scales?

According to wikipedia, "Technically, neither space nor objects in space move. Instead it is the metric governing the size and geometry of spacetime itself that changes in scale. Although ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Obtaining TESS input catalog (TIC) IDs for Gaia `source_ids`?

The TESS input catalog (TIC) "uses the GAIA DR2 catalog as a base" according to the catalog's website. The Gaia DR2 database provides source_ids for each ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Time taken for sun to rotate [on hold]

If sun rotates with the same angular velocity of earth, how much time does it take to complete one rotation.
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Theory of relativity [closed]

Theory of relativity states that a fabric of spacetime exists on which objects are present, creating depression according to their masses. But then how are we able to see various objects with ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

tidaly locked celestial body in three planet system

If a Planet have 2 Moons (so suppose system of 3 bodies) and we say "One Moon is tidally locked to Planet" how can we say that it is tidally locked when Baricenter of 3 bodies has its trajectory?
0
votes
0answers
35 views

What is the center of rotation used to determine if two bodies are tidally locked? [on hold]

Is it the barycenter, or some other point or coordinate system origin which we use to determine if two bodies are tidally locked?
1
vote
1answer
40 views

How is stellar mass of a galaxy obtained?

I believe there is a difference between the mass calculated using the orbital speed and the stellar mass of the galaxy. So how is the stellar mass calculated? Thank you :)
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Integral for tidally locking of the Moon [closed]

May a one explain with integral tidally locking? We know that the Moon when we look at it from Earth makes "tilts" and that tilts describes function which can be integrated. What is the formula of ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the likely closest encounter for a typical star during the Milky Way Andromeda Merger?

This is closely related, but distinct question to What are the chances of a star colliding with another during a galactic collision?. The accepted answer to that question places the odds of the Sun ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

On a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, why is the main-sequence line squiggly?

When I look at a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, I'm able to see a main-sequence line from the most luminous main-sequence stars at the top left to the dimmest main-sequence stars at the bottom right. ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Can we detect the wobble of neighbouring stars around their barycenters?

The wobble of a star around its barycenter is interesting (the wobble caused by the pull of the rest of the solar-system on the sun). This question explains why we don't see this wobble from within ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How do I find stars within milky way using galactic latitude and longitude

I have data that contains galactic latitude and longitude of stars. I have to determine all the stars that are within our milky way. How do I find it?
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Moon's revolution around the Earth and it's rotation around it's axis? [duplicate]

Does Moon rotate around itself while it makes one revolution around Earth or not?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

How is “surface brightness dimming” derived from redshift in the NED extragalactic database

I have several questions regarding “Surface Brightness Dimming” in the “Quantities Derived from Redshift” section of the Nasa/ipac Extragalactic Database. As an example, please use quasar IRAS F08279+...
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

It's posible to change rock planets (mercury, venus, mars) orbits to get them near to Earth's orbit? [closed]

I know its sounds like a silly question and its imposible right now, but if there is a small possibility, we can reduce the travel cost significantly and potencially terraform these 3 rocky planets. ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Black hole binary x-rays vs AGN

What are the main differences and similarities of Black hole x-ray binaries and AGN? Like differences in mass, processes and radiation?
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Why does the moon 'peel' away from the horizon in this photograph?

The Himawari-8 geostationary weather satellite recently had a lunar intrusion into it's primary sensor (the Advance Himawari Imager, or AHI): Zooming in on the moon: I see a strange cupping (or '...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How to calculate solar coordinates. (Right Ascension, Declination, and ultimately the Altitude and Azimuth of the Sun)

As the title says I am trying to calculate solar coordinates of the sun for a given location and time. I have spent many 10's of hours on this without success so I will sincerely appreciate help on ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Reference: First spectrographic observations by Fraunhofer

In several books I find reported that the first scientist to perform spectrographic observations of celestial objects was Fraunhofer with the spectrographs he himself produced. I do not find though a ...

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