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7 views

What is wrong in my calculation of eigenvectors?

On pp. 280–281 of the book Solar System Dynamics (https://books.google.ca/books?id=aU6vcy5L8GAC&printsec=frontcover#v=twopage&q&f=true), eigenvalues $ g $ and eigenvectors $ \bar e_{ji} $ ...
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1answer
25 views

.mt file convert to .fits/.ascii/.dat

How to convert .mt file with a spectrum to a more convenient format, please? I am able to display that in fv: Fits Viewer, but I am lost in converting. Thank you
2
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2answers
33 views

Orbital path projections onto a 2D plane

In ProfRob's excellent answer to Is S2 still the fastest known star in the galaxy?, he posted a figure of the orbital paths of stars passing close to the supermassive black hole near the center of the ...
1
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0answers
6 views

How massive does a moon have to be to have a stable magnetic field?

Is there a minimum mass or other minimum properties necessary for a body to have a strong, stable dynamo to create a magnetic field conducive for life? For example, would it be possible for Titan to ...
1
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1answer
44 views

IRAF Like software that work on Window

My professor asks to me install IRAF for the photometry project but We have a hard time installing it and also I'm more comfortable with the Windows environment (because there is other software that ...
6
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4answers
997 views

Why can't we use the semi-minor axis in Kepler's third law?

Why can't we use the semi-minor axis in Kepler's third law? The formula for the third law is: $$\dfrac{a^3}{T^2} = \text{const.} $$ Instead of semi-major axis (a) why can't we use the semi-minor axis (...
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0answers
5 views

Universe expansion data validation

I am not an expert, just a enthusiast, so if possible please keep explanation simple. That said I have start reading about universe expansion and the idea seems to me revolutionary (the image of an ...
3
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1answer
62 views

In which countries are there organised Messier Marathons?

Just out of curiosity... In which countries have there been or are current, organised Messier Marathons? Thank you for all answers and effort for this!
15
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3answers
4k views

Does General Relativity really predict Black Holes?

I'm doing some research on black holes for a science video contest. I want to explain the physics of how they work, but also want to have a little background on how they're formed. As far as I've ...
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1answer
36 views

Installing IRAF

Recently I asked this question on IRAF like software that can be run in a window but it seems it is not possible. So I installed window subsystem for linux. I followed these steps to install IRAF. ...
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0answers
41 views

Can the lensing effect of Sagittarius A* be used to image the stars diametrically opposite to the sun?

The sun can magnify an image of a source 100 ly away nearly 100 billion times, if the ring is captured from the nearest focal point (550AU). According to Christian Ready of Launch Pad Astronomy, we ...
1
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2answers
80 views

What are the real conditions for the creation of an atmosphere/loss of an existing atmosphere?

Overview: Taking a planet Ganymede for example (moon, technically I suppose). Ganymede is huge (well, in contrast to other bodies) and I've noticed a pattern between larger bodies and atmospheres. ...
3
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1answer
20 views

Are features in the CMB correlated with features in the SDSS map of the most distant galaxies?

This is a follow up to an earlier question to which @pela gave an excellent answer. Apparently the statistics of the length-scales of the CMB fluctuations are similar to those obtained from other ...
2
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2answers
90 views

Accuracy of calculating the vernal equinox?

Calculating the exact time of the vernal equinox is essential for many ephemeris calculations. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies uses (at least for some purposes) the following, rather short ...
0
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0answers
74 views

Trying to calculate terrestrial line of sight duration to a fictional satellite [closed]

Let me preface this with most of my understanding or orbital mechanics come from playing Kerbal Space Program. I understand most of the terminology, and a good chunk of the math, but not all of it. I'...
4
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0answers
51 views

Error in Jean Meeus textbook? (rising, transit, setting)

In Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Ed. by Jean Meeus, we have the following example of calculation of rising, transit and setting times for Venus on 1988 March 20 at Boston (Example 15.a): Page 103: https:...
2
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2answers
138 views

Why (the heck) is the basic angle of GAIA 106.5°?

This answer to Why does the Gaia space telescope have two main mirrors says: According to the GAIA FAQs which does an excellent job: http://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/faqs: Why is there an angle of ...
1
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1answer
97 views

what is the net effect of nodal and apsidal lunar precession?

In apsidal lunar precession, the moon's elliptic major axis precesses eastward and completes one revolution eastward in 8.85 years. Because the orbit is inclined relative to the ecliptic, basic ...
14
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1answer
171 views

The compatibility of the Grand Tack hypothesis with the “core-warping impact” theory of Jupiter's diffuse core

In recent years, the Juno mission revealed that Jupiter's core was much more diffuse than astronomers had expected. One theory is that "within a few million years" of its formation, Jupiter ...
2
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2answers
96 views

Density of stars on celestial sphere

The pattern of stars on the surface of the celestial sphere seems perceptually to have an universally looking pattern. If you pick a region of the sky at random, for instance here by using the (...
12
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2answers
2k views

Why isn't most hydrogen in the universe molecular (diatomic), instead of atomic (monoatomic)?

Similar questions have been asked before; but, why? Is the monoatomic hydrogen left over from the Big Bang? And hasn't had the opportunity to collide with other hydrogen atoms yet? Or are hydrogen ...
8
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2answers
598 views

Orbits of Trojan Asteroids

I understand that the Trojan points are located 60 degrees ahead and behind a planet in its orbit. However, since there are quite a number of Trojans in Jupiter's orbit, they cannot all be exactly at ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Could photons orbit a black hole if fired at the correct angle?

My experience with Kerbal Space Program gives me the impression that it's impossible to transfer from a stable orbit of one body to the stable orbit of another without deceleration. But is this true ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

What consequences does a positive muon anomalous magnetic moment have for astronomy?

On April 7th, 2021, the muon $(g-2)$ collaboration published Measurement of the Positive Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment to 0.46 ppm, a result which made it to standard news, partly under headlines ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Could diatom blooms affect albedo of an exoplanet?

And perhaps display a seasonal variation if the exoplanet has an axial tilt, providing proof of an Earth-like world supporting at least oceans with microbial life?
0
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0answers
35 views

Can we identify planets, moons, and large asteroids in our solar system have a unique spectroscopy?

I'm looking to create a database of relatively consistent measurements for various cosmic bodies. Please inform if there's a way to gather reproducible signatures, with the same set of instruments to ...
1
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0answers
16 views

Specifications of a High Gain Antenna [migrated]

I am designing a telecommunications device capable of redundant communication from Earth to Saturn's moon Enceladus which ranges from 8 to 11 AU from Earth. I have decided on an X-band high-gain ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Open source code for the maths behind a heliostat?

Theoretically, using a Raspberry Pi, (at least) one mirror, and two motors, one should be able to build a heliostat, i.e. a device which redirects sunlight to a fixed spot, like a scrub in the shadow ...
5
votes
2answers
114 views

Estimating close approach between all asteroids themselves

I am currently writing a C++ program to show asteroids in 3D, and find close approaches or collisions. I got my orbital elements from JPL https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb_query.cgi. So far so good, with ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Naked-eye limiting magnitude: mismatch between Wikipedia, online converter and Shaefer's formula

I'm trying to make sense of the difference between the reference Sky Quality Meter (SQM) readings given in the Wikipedia article on Bortle scale, online converters like [1] that are based on Shaefer's ...
1
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2answers
70 views

Formula to calculate the apparent magnitude of Earth from arbitrary distances

I would like to calculate the apparent magnitude of Earth from various distances, say from the Voyager probe at this moment or from various stars in the sky. I know there must be a formula that I can ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Did we adapt to Earth or Earth to us?

I often hear that Earth is a unique planet because it has life. We also see a proper balance between plants and humans and other animals. Why is life not possible on another planet? Often people say ...
52
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5answers
15k views

If light has no mass, why is it affected by gravity?

Light doesn’t accelerate in a gravitational field, which things with mass would do, because light has a universally constant velocity. Why is that exception?
2
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1answer
34 views

How to estimate the inclination of a galaxy between edge on and face on?

I have the images of a galaxy and the field of view and I would like to determinte the inclination of a galaxy between edge-on and face-on. Would that information be enough to do the calculation? Or ...
1
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1answer
35 views

IAU 2018 Exoplanet definition

In 2018 the IAU produced a definition of an exoplanet: The current official wokring definition of an exoplanet as amended by IAU Comission F2: Exoplanets and the Solar System in August 2018, reads as ...
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0answers
23 views

Is GAIA the only game in town for looking at quadrupole gravitational deflection of light?

From Gerry Gilmore (2018) Gaia: 3-dimensional census of the Milky Way Galaxy 4.4 Fundamental physics Relativistic effects are highly significant for Gaia measurement accuracy, with tests of General ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Has GAIA learned anything about General Relativity looking near Jupiter? (Gerry Gilmore: “oblate rotating mass moving in a deeper (Solar) potential”)

From Gerry Gilmore (2018) Gaia: 3-dimensional census of the Milky Way Galaxy 4.4 Fundamental physics Relativistic effects are highly significant for Gaia measurement accuracy, with tests of General ...
2
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1answer
206 views

Precision in the measurement of the distance to the Sun

How precisely can the distance to the Sun be measured? Wikipedia says the distance to the Moon can be measured upto millimeter precision. But Wikipedia article on distance to the Sun says only about ...
8
votes
1answer
260 views

Why is the Boomerang Nebula colder than the CMB?

An earlier answer on temperature mentioned that the temp of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is $2.4\,{\rm K}$ and the temp of the Boomerang nebula as ${\rm 1\,K}$. How did the nebula cool faster ...
33
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2answers
3k views

Where can I find the positions of the planets, stars, moons, artificial satellites, etc. and visualize them?

What resources are available to find the positions of planets, stars, moons, artificial satellites, asteroids, and other heavenly bodies?
8
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there any correlation between the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and the distribution of distant galaxies?

The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is remarkably isotropic but does exhibit a distinct dipolar Doppler shift and also much smaller but measurable fluctuations in intensity and polarization. ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Calculate how long it takes for the sun to complete one orbit around the galaxy?

We know the speed that the sun travels around the galaxy is $220\, {\rm km/s} = 0.00021 \, {\rm parsec/year}$. I'm unsure of how to find the period?
12
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2answers
273 views

Why aren't there blue elliptical galaxies or yellow spiral galaxies?

Elliptical galaxies are universally old and yellow; about three-quarters of all ellipticals have no significant star-forming gas or dust left, and even the quarter or so of ellipticals that are still ...
8
votes
1answer
89 views

How much is usually deposited in a Mars regional dust storm?

Is there any indication of how much dust is deposited, especially in areas that are not open where wind might produce a cleaning event?
4
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the significance of using baseline pairs in radio interferometry?

Radio interferometry utilizes arrays of smaller telescopes that are linked together to synthesize a larger aperture telescope. Astronomical radio observatories, such as the Very Large Array in New ...
0
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0answers
19 views

What is time period of sun revolving around the center of Milky Way? [duplicate]

What is time period of sun revolving around the center of Milky Way?
2
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0answers
21 views

How to remove radial velocity effects of an exoplanet from the host star spectra?

I have a spectra of an M dwarf and I would like to remove the Doppler shift effects due to a known exoplanet, with known planetary parameters, from the whole spectra of the star. I have shifted/...
6
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1answer
71 views

Why does Hellas Basin look white on some maps?

One map of Mars I see a lot is this colourized map: the Viking colourized global mosaic (Source): But one thing which strikes me as odd is just how white the Hellas Basin is (the white patch which is ...
14
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1answer
2k views

Does bending of light around the Sun depend on the wavelength?

If the energy of light is high, does its curvature differ from that of low-energy light around the Sun? In other words, if the wavelength of the light is shorter than another wavelength of light, then ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

How do you carry errors for brightness magnitudes [duplicate]

I have a value for the relative flux $F_2/F_1$. With some uncertainty value $a$. If I use the equation to get relative magnitude: $m_1 - m_2 = 2.5 \log_{10}(F_2/F_1)$ How do you now calculate the ...

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