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There is absolutely no way to know right now what will happen. It's my personal belief that we aren't just expanding into nothingness forever, but will have endless interactions with other universes in the mesh of existence, or maybe we will stop expanding and collapse again. We may even know that answer in our lifetime. That said, the night sky could have ...


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Nope! The universe's expansion is accelerating, which means there's a "horizon" beyond which light can never reach us, no matter how long it travels. Although the light always travels at the speed of light, the "amount of space" between photon and us can increase faster than the speed of light. This isn't a real "speed" - it's ...


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You can just use these upper and lower bounds to create an upper/lower bound for the distance modulus. The lower bound is $168-14.9 = 153.1$, and the upper bound is $168+27.5 = 195.5.$ You can calculate the distance moduli for these values to get upper and lower bounds: $$5\log(153.1) - 5 = 5.924876 \\ 5\log(195.5) - 5 = 6.455734$$ Then we calculate the ...


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You can't use the RA and dec. These tell you the direction that the galaxy is in, relative to the stars. It is possible and normal for two galaxies to have the same (or very similar) RA and dec and be at completely different distance. You can estimate the distance using the Hubble law $v= H_0 d$, if $v$ is measured in km/s and d is in mega-parsecs the ...


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