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The mechanism that produces Jupiter's magnetic field is in principle not any different to that which produces the earth's. Only that in the latter case it works with liquid iron instead of hydrogen. You should read about the dynamo theory https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamo_theory


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As earlier answers indicate, Jupiter will slowly shrink until it is some 10-20% smaller with elements slowly settling depending on density and solubility. One can calculate a rough Kelvin timescale for the ratio between binding energy and the blackbody power of the surface to estimate how quickly it cools down (this number will be nudged by the above ...


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All planets lose a small amount of atmospheric gases due to some atoms/molecules (even neutral ones) having an energy high enough to escape the gravitational field of the planet. This tends to affect lighter elements more as they have higher velocities at the same temperature. This kind of thermal 'outgassing' is in principle the same as that producing the '...


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From going through the literature the paper by Wang et al. 2021 is citing, I am nearly certain that the term "Earth wind" must be a recent invention, perhaps by those authors themselves. It is however correct to call the solar wind a 'wind'. This is because a wind is a pressure-driven bulk motion of a collectively coupled gas. The solar wind, at ...


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You’ll find the answers you want in the Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements 2015, published by Archinal et al in 2018. I found a copy at https://astropedia.astrogeology.usgs.gov/download/Docs/WGCCRE/WGCCRE2015reprint.pdf. A new version might be available this year, as the committee meets every three years… and ...


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Solar energy - from our Sun at Jupiter's focal distance? A negligible amount. Gravitational lensing doesn't have a focal point so much as a focal region that begins roughly at a point, and that point (which really shouldn't be called a focal point) can be calculated, ProfRob gives the formula here. Jupiter's gravitational lensing distance is so far (...


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