Wikipedia has a nice planetary distribution picture, but it is in 1-dimension and based off aphelion (furthest position to the sun) and perihelion (closest position to the sun) only.
Unfortunately, this picture doesn't take into account the planets' orbital inclinations to the Sun's equatorial plane. Nor does it take into account that the perihelion and ...
It is impossible to have the planets line up like in your image. This is done for illustration purposes only. If such an image was to scale, either the bodies would be extremely small and impossible to see, or the image would be extremely large and impractical to use.
For example, the Sun is about 1,392,000 km in diameter. The Earth is about 12,756 km in ...
Let's start with a description of sidereal time. From my knowledge, sidereal time at any location can be described as:
the right ascension currently at the zenith
Here are the definitions of zenith and right ascension, if you need them.
So, if the sidereal time at some location is 12 hours, 0 minutes, and 0 seconds, the right ascension directly above that ...
This picture shows the order of the planets.
It does not show the sizes or the positions of the planets.
The planets are always moving around the sun. At any given time they are in essentially random positions relative to each other.