# Tag Info

26

Yes, the free software Stellarium (also Wikipedia) can do that. It has a list of celestial bodies and you select which one you want to be on. When you open Stellarium go to Location Menu (or the button F6 for Windows OS) and that is where you set your viewing point. There might be additional options in Where can I find/visualize planets/stars/moons/etc ...

22

If you set the date to 2018-04-06, Stellarium shows the Moon and planets in positions matching the example image. Any good planetarium software should produce a similar result. Most likely the vendor cut and pasted two screenshots (note the seam) for April 2018, overlaid "January 1973," and hoped customers would not check. Perhaps you could ask them to send ...

15

Another simulator allowing to travel and observe from different locations is Celestia. It is not online, installation needed.

12

Python is gaining popularity and replacing MATLAB in many fields of science as the tool for fast prototyping and writing research code. For example, have a look at: https://www.astropy.org/ http://www.astropython.org/ https://python4astronomers.github.io/ https://www.astroml.org/ https://asteca.github.io/ (I'm not working in astronomy as a researcher but ...

8

I've been trying to figure out the technical details of astrometry.net for quite some time. As others already pointed out, the main input to the whole process is a list of stars. I will not go into details on how astrometry.net does it, just note that you can either use its internal simplexy algorithm or use SExtractor. In the end you need a list of ...

8

Scientifically there's little to gain when you look through a telescope with your own eyes. Attach a camera to the telescope and you immediately document what you observe and take out the subjective factor from it at the same time and allow careful analysis and more detailed. Additionally you gain improved sensitivity enhanced observation duration and ...

7

Have you tried nova.astrometry.net? They set up a web service for doing more or less what you're talking about.

7

As an observational astronomer, most of your programming will be to perform data analysis, data exploration, and possibly image manipulation. Previously much of this was done with IDL, and the analysis pipelines for several/many/all(?) telescopes still rely on IDL. As GreenMatt points out though, IDL is on its way out. Since you have to buy a license to ...

7

Finding an astrometric solution from an image with Astrometry.net is usually called plate solving. As mentioned in the comments, it is based on pattern matching, using a large set of databases that are pre-computed for various field of view and plate (or pixel) scale. The ArXiv paper Astrometry.net: Blind astrometric calibration of arbitrary astronomical ...

7

Merriam-Webster defines diurnal arc: the portion of the diurnal circle of a celestial body that is above the observer's horizon and diurnal circle: the apparent circle or parallel of declination described by a celestial body in consequence of the earth's rotation The NOAA Solar Calculator does not implement the exact feature in question but can show the ...

6

Ok go on Stellarium then hover over the left side of the screen afterwards click on the location and select London, England (City Of London is the original walled city), then go and hover over the left side of the screen and select sky and viewing options and in the sky section and select the air pollution level from location database then it will ...

6

I would recommend MPA Garching's Gadget code for cosmological simulations of structure formation. It's primarily gravitational, but I do believe you can include gas effects as well: GADGET computes gravitational forces with a hierarchical tree algorithm (optionally in combination with a particle-mesh scheme for long-range gravitational forces) and ...

5

For computer software, the easiest way to take a sphere (and/or hemisphere) and flatten it into a flat shape (usually a rectangle) is the equi-rectangular projection (also known as the plate carrée), because it has the simplest formula relating pixels and coordinates: $$x = w \times \frac\lambda{360} + \frac w2$$ $$y = -h \times \frac\phi{180} + \frac h2$$ ...

5

Stellarium is known to be accurate. Star and planet positions in 1973 are very well known, and correctly shown in Stellarium. At that time and place, Cetus and Taurus are rising in the East and North East, where Saturn is just about to rise. Lynx is on the horizon in the North. The Horizon. Bootes is about to set in the West. The sun in low on the horizon ...

5

360° panoramic media conventionally use equirectangular projection and a 2:1 aspect ratio. I made a still panorama this way: Configuration > Tools > Screenshots: Custom size 2048 x 1024 View > Sky > Projection: Cylinder (i.e. equirectangular) View > Sky > Stars: Relative scale 0.70 (limits brightest stars to a reasonable size) FOV 180° (Ctrl+Alt+1) ...

5

The apparent path of the Sun in the sky is called just that, 'apparent path of the sun'. Sure enough it varies with location and with time-of-year, especially the further you live from the equator. The Sun will rise and set exactly East and West on the equinoxes, and be highest in the sky at noon in Summer on mid-summer (21th June or 21st December) and ...

4

Horizons Ephemeris generator can give you a planet's position and velocity vectors at a specified time. This is one set of possible options: Clicking Generate Ephemeris on that page will give you position and velocity vectors: Above the position and velocity vectors are the Julian date as well as the more conventional date. Wikipedia can give the masses ...

4

A profession in astronomy can entail various things. Unlike what other people are saying, you don't have to have a PhD in astronomy to do work in this field, to be an astronomer. There are other options, but you will have to work hard. Study as much physics and mathematics as possible. Astronomy is essentially a branch of physics. If you're still in ...

4

Every pixel value $S_i$ on the detector at $\vec x_i$ has some error $N_i$: CCDs for example have a background noise $N_\text{bkg}$ from read-out electronics, thermal noise, and sky background, plus a Poissonian photon noise $N_S=\sqrt{S}$. In many cases this noise follows a Gaussian distribution reasonably well. After subtracting the background, a ...

4

As I do not want to reinvent the wheel, is there any star recognition framework that you've heard of? Preferably open source, the language is of marginal importance as long as I can get the relevant data in and out. I'm thinking of something that I can feed with an image file and get back an array with the recognized objects with their x/y ...

4

If all you need is a quick and free tool to visualize orbits around earth, websites such as the following might be enough: First, the very simple orbitalmechanics.info, where you can just ignore the "add launch" option: And then, the more artsy Harmony-of-the-Spheres, which can also visualize some other systems. Maybe that already helps.

4

I am on Ubuntu 18.04, and just compiled IRAF successfully. Let me elaborate on my comments. First, you need to understand how to install C++ packages, such as IRAF your interest here. To install a C++ package, there are two ways: Install binaries directly. In palin words, download an .exe for your platform version (e.g. Windows 10) and double-click the .exe ...

4

As someone who has done this with other astronomy research grade software, I can say that using Docker fixes some problems but also creates new problems as well. I'll assume for this that your software is designed for linux but you want to support students who'll mostly be using Windows/Macs. Pros: You can ship your application pre-compiled so users don't ...

3

I've had success with Hugin. It's a panorama creator, but it can be used to rotate, resize, and relocate images into a coherent whole. It has a few different automated profiles, but sometimes they are a bit off with star stacks. You can manually select the guide stars though. A really good program for after that is GIMP and the plugin G'MIC to stack and ...

3

While I'm not doing so now, for a significant part of my career I worked as a programmer supporting scientists in in some fields that the general public would consider branches of astronomy. In that time I worked with (chronologically ordered in the sequence in which I first worked with them): Fortran - still useful because of its speed and existing code ...

3

I'm going to describe the steps that I followed to show 2004 BL86 in Stellarium in my notebook: Open the Configuration Window by pressing F2 Select the Plugins tab and from the left list select Solar System Editor Click in the configure button at the bottom Go to Solar System tab in the opened window Click the button Import orbital elements in MPC format... ...

3

MESA It is designed specifically for stellar evolution. There are many modules that you can play around with, including binary interaction.

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