Questions tagged [spectral-type]

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Has J been used by itself as a spectral type?

While answering the question "Why have brown dwarf classes been dubbed L, T and Y?" I noticed that in the paper Kirkpatrick et al. (1999) "Dwarfs Cooler than 'M': The Definition of Spectral Type 'L' ...
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Do we know a star that is similar to the Sun when it would be a red giant?

In about 5 billion years the Sun is predicted to become a red giant and have more than 200 times its current size, reaching a radius of about 5 AU when largest. I wonder what spectral class the Sun ...
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How are Y-dwarf spectral subtypes defined?

It is often stated that the spectral subtype indicates the relative position between spectral types, e.g. G5 being halfway from the start of spectral type G to the beginning of spectral type F. Given ...
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Spectral Class Breakdown

Where can I get a more detailed breakdown of Spectral Classes. Wikipedia only has it at Letter level rather than sublevel. For example, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_classification has B ...
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1answer
48 views

Examples of absorption lines for main sequence stars

Where might I find a detailed table or figure containing the absorption lines and their corresponding wavelengths for each type of main sequence star? I'm trying to get the chemical abundance of ...
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1answer
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Compare this planet to Earth and determined its habitability (can humans live in this environment?) [closed]

I'm given this set of data and I need to describe the habitability. Would this not be habitable since the temperature of the albedo and the equilibrium is similar to Earth's or does the Spectral Type ...
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45 views

Can Jupiter's nightside be classified as spectral type Y?

As far as I am aware, the latest spectral types that have been assigned are around Y2, for objects like WISE 0855-0714 that have temperatures around 250 K or so. I've also seen several directly-imaged ...
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1answer
79 views

How a star's rotation affects a star in the main sequence?

I searched and have found that the questions mainly focus on neutron stars, white dwarves and black holes. This was not what I looked for. Basically, the bigger the star's mass is, the more intense ...
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Need help understanding stellar spectroscopy data from ESO

The European Southern Observatory webpage has a web page that has tabular spectrogram data from A. J. Pickles, University of Hawaii. There are over 130 .dat files there. Each one represents a ...
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Stellar electromagnetic signatures

By using only the electromagnetic signature of a star, could a star be distinguished with reliable accuracy from any other star? To elaborate a little, say we have a collection of about 200,000 stars. ...
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408 views

Can someone explain this diagram showing the spectral type distribution of bright stars

Can someone explain this diagram? The text is in Dutch, free translation: "You are given a graph: a histogram of the 10 000 most apparent bright stars. Explain 1, 2 and 3." The fact that the number ...
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3answers
812 views

B-V to U-B colour index

Is there a formula to convert the B-V index to U-B index or are they totally different and separate observations and can't be convert like you can with Fahrenheit->Celsius? (Updated) I know F->C ...
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133 views

Why is TiO special?

Red spectra of M stars are dominated by TiO(Titanium oxide) bands, which have become the primary means of establishing spectral types.see ApJ Why is TiO special? There should be much more Silicon ...
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Solar Spectral Types and Dwarf Stars

On the following page, http://www.uni.edu/morgans/astro/course/Notes/section2/spectraltemps.html It mentions Main, Giants and SuperGiants. However for Dwarf Stars (e.g. D, Sd) , do I apply Main ...