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The text directly underneath the diagram from the original source says Diagram Explanation The illustration may look a little complex at first, but it's easy to explain. Sunlight is shown coming in from the right. The earth, of course, is at the center of the diagram. The moon is shown at 8 key stages during its revolution around the earth. The ...


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As noted in a comment, you should imagine the picture is looking down on the Earth, and remember that the actual moon is much further from the Earth, relative to their sizes. Imagine a person standing on the left side of the Earth (in the diagram). The time would be midnight for them. They could see the moon when it is full, and they could see the moon when ...


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There are three main formation scenarios for planetary moons. The giant impact hypothesis: The satellite forms as a consecuence of an impact between the planet an a large planetesimal. The Moon is an example, and one of the arguments is that the chemical composition of the Moon matches that of Earth with a significant accuracy suggesting that it is a in ...


3

The image is mostly correct, but also a bit misleading. the Earth in the middle, the 8 small moons around it and 'sunlight' are seen from above. the 8 larger Moon faces are what you see from Earth.


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