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Consider two unit masses with velocity $V$. Give them a small push apart so they have velocities $V+v$ and $V-v$ with $v\ll V$ . Their kinetic energies are then $$\frac{(V+v)^2}{2} \approx \frac{(V)^2}{2} +vV$$ and $$\frac{(V-v)^2}{2} \approx \frac{(V)^2}{2} -vV$$ We have transferred energy $\approx vV$ from one mass to the other with the expenditure of a ...

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