Planetary Scientist Sarah Stewart's research is on the formation of the moon, not, as far as I can tell, as much on the chemical composition and precise temperature of the atmosphere after impact, so I don't know if plasma is all that relevant to her work, but I think she'd have to model and account for total energy and temperature, similar to what you did in your question.
If I understand you correctly, you want to know what Earth's atmosphere was like, lets say a weeks or a few weeks or maybe a year after the giant impact. Dr. Stewart's team has a word for this type of planet, a Synestia
Plasma temperature is tricky for 2 reasons. One, there's not a specific temperature where gas becomes plasma. Unlike melting points of boiling points, which happen at specific temperatures (and specific pressure for boiling points), the plasma phase of matter is closer to a dimmer switch that turns on gradually than a specific plasma point. Similar to the temperature where fusion happens, individual electrons are unpredictable, so heating a gas, it will turn into a plasma gradually.
It's also possible for a rock vapor, take SiO2 as a baseline, to retain it's double bonds as a gas and at the same time, be a low level plasma, emitting some electrons, so it can be both rock vapor and a plasma. That's not possible for water, for example, because those bonds are too weak. Water splits into Hydrogen and Oxygen a couple thousand degrees lower than when the individual molecules begin to enter the plasma state.
Another problem is pressure. The center of the Earth is plasma temperature (low level Plasma but it's in that temperature range), but people generally don't call that state of matter a plasma.
I think your 40 km/s estimate is too high, because Theia was thought to be a Trojan object before it collided with Earth, so the collision rate should be not much more than escape velocity, maybe 12 or 13 km/s because they shared the same orbit.
40 km/s meteor collisions on Earth happen because they approach at a different inclination, where the orbital directions are much less lined up, that's how you get 11 to 70 km/s for meteors, but Theia was probably on the low side of that, perhaps 14 or 15 km/s tops depending on it's eccentricity - if I can make a bad guess.
I'm sure that plasma temperature happens during giant impacts. But the temperature is highest where the two objects collide, so initially, the highest temperature corresponds with the highest pressure. After the impact you have the explosive rebound, because collisions of this magnitude are more like large explosions than anything else and after that you can model where the temperature goes as the Earth begins to settle.
Models would have to account for how the heat moves around and through the planet, how much heat ends up burred vs goes into rock vapor, heat of vaporization, heat lost due to expansion of rock vapor, how quickly heat radiates away (I would think it would be highly opaque, so radiation would be somewhat slow),
Bigger factors would be how much is lost in rebound and ejected material and how much is transferred to angular momentum. There's also the uncertainty on how massive Theia was. I think later estimates put it at 1/2 to 1/3rd the mass of Mars.
Another way to look at this question is, after formation, the synestia would have layers, similar to any gas giant, though gas giant layers aren't well understood, we could use the sun as an example. There might be convection, conduction and condensation layers, and perhaps lapse rate could be applied, and obviously gravity would be lower with the material more spread out. You might also have layers where the pressure was sufficient that different types of matter would form, like, hot enough to be liquid but enough pressure to be a solid, similar to Earth's core.
All that said, trying to calculate the lower atmospheric temperature of this theoretical, recently formed synestia is a little bit more math than I want to do, and I'd probably get it wrong anyway even if I did the math. But it seems entirely reasonable that the lower atmosphere was at plasma temperatures if much of the upper atmosphere was at rock-vapor temperature. But if you can get a temperature model, that would be a step in the direction of a plasma model. I'd guess the low level plasma temperature for rock vapor would begin somewhere in the 5,000 or 6,000 C range, but it's a hard thing to look up as different compounds have different plasma temperatures. There's even some cold plasma, like florescent bulbs work on that property, but they require an electric field.
I don't know if my long "I don't know if there was plasma" counts as an answer, but it's a fun question and I thought I'd give it a shot. I like her idea a lot and I've read a few articles that indicated problems with the more traditional giant impact models, so she may end up being right.