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Questions tagged [fundamental-astronomy]

Questions involving basic astronomical concepts or information.

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How Did Early Astronomers Measure Distances?

Prior to the era of radar and other forms of radio/RF/EM ranging, what approaches, methods, and techniques did early astronomers (e.g., Kepler, Cassini, Copernicus) use to measure the distance(s) from ...
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2answers
87 views

Can I learn astrophysics and astronomy with my basic math?

I want to learn astrophysics and astronomy, I'm very interested in it because there are many questions that popped up in my head, and really curious about things, but I'm afraid of a little bit on ...
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Question on dec 2013 answer to“How to measure the altitude and azimuth of a star?”

I am looking at your response to the above question. You stated: For Northern Hemisphere, a star that is crossing the North local meridian (that is, between the Zenith and the North Horizon) the ...
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3answers
10k views

If Earth is tilted, why is Polaris always above the same spot?

Why is Polaris, the North Star, always above (or near) the North Pole? If Earth is tilted, Polaris' path should be in winter 23 degrees away from its path in summer, or not?
2
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1answer
38 views

Basis of color index

As an amateur astronomer for 60 years and always as interested in the science as in the observing, I thought I had a pretty good understanding of the fundamentals. But I'm distance-auditing a third-...
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2answers
89 views

How to determine the eccentricity, knowing the orbital speed and distance

How to determine the orbital eccentricity of a planet, knowing the instantaneous orbital speed of it and the distance from the Sun to the planet at that moment?
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3answers
104 views

Does any asteroid we have ever seen have a hot core like earth.?

I was wondering if any of the asteroids we have ever seen has a hot core like Earth's. I'm thinking that Earth has a strong gravitational field and so formation would have involved a lot of ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Making sense of the lomb-scargle periodogram

I am trying to use the periodogram to tell when a signal is periodic or not by following the tutorial for the astropy Lomb-scargle periodogram here. http://docs.astropy.org/en/stable/stats/...
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1answer
70 views

How to calculate declination of Moon?

Is there any way to calculate declination of Moon for any day?I'll subtract inclination of Earth on the ecliptic from the result. I'll get Moon's the shortest angular distance from Sun. Thanks for all ...
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1answer
54 views

Why the more-luminous star has larger surface area when two stars have the same temperature?

If two stars have the same temperature but one is more luminous than the other, the more-luminous star must have a larger surface area, and therefore a larger radius than the dimmer star. The ...
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3answers
124 views

What do the months and hours mean in Tomas Filsinger's Map of The Universe

I have had one of these in my room for decades: I don't have the booklet that seems to usually come with it, can someone explain to me what the months (with days below it) and hours mean? I imagine ...
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3answers
163 views

Do interstellar asteroids decelerate and eventually stop?

I do wonder, do interstellar asteroids eventually stop at one point in space after they gradually decelerate (or) even do they decelerate? Though there is no air like on earth and thus asteroids ...
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1answer
67 views

What does half-lit means?

Aristarchus estimated the relative distance of the Sun and Moon by observing the angle between the Sun and the Moon (α in the diagram) when the Moon is exactly half lit. Angle β must be 90° for ...
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1answer
53 views

Necessary steps to calculate photon's path by using null geodesic equation

Can anyone please give me an explanation on how to calculate photon's path by using the null geodesic equation? N.B. I know all of the non-zero values of Christoffel symbols.
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1answer
42 views

How does one “use” the Pan-Starrs data?

I've seen that a large block of Pan-Starrs data has been released and is available on-line and how the distributors of the data expect professionals and the general public to use the data in their ...
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1answer
44 views

Luminosities and Apparent Brightness of Two Stars of which one is 8 times the distance of the first star [duplicate]

Suppose two stars have the same apparent brightness, but one star is 8 times further away than the other. What is the ratio of their luminosities? Which one is more luminous, the closer or the further ...
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1answer
42 views

The Luminosity of two stars with same brightness but at different PC away

Stars A and B are both equally bright as seen from Earth, but A is 120 pc away while B is 24 pc away. Which star has the greater luminosity? How many times brighter is it?
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1answer
82 views

Why do most of the myths behind constellations originate from Greek? [closed]

Why do most of the myths regarding constellations happen to have begun from Greek civilization? Why not other civilizations? Most people who lived in the past era probably observed star patterns in ...
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1answer
54 views

Simulating Noise in Astronomical Images

I want to add realistic noise to a simulated image but I am a little confused about the process. I want to have some Gaussian random noise representing the readout noise and to also add Poisson noise ...
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0answers
38 views

Any ideas for an astronomy + ML project? [closed]

I wish to do an astronomy related project which incorporates machine learning.Do you have any suggestions?
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2answers
80 views

How to find the radius of a satellite not knowing the mass

If I know the semi-major axis, the density of the planet, and orbital period.. how can I find the radius of the satellite? I can't think of any formula to use.
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0answers
50 views

How strong are the stellar flares on YZ Ceti?

Doing research for a game and trying to understand the implications of the stellar flares from YZ Ceti. In short (ignoring the planets for now), if people were to build large space stations of various ...
3
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2answers
373 views

What liquids can be found in the void space?

Is there any material natural or otherwise a free floating liquid that can exist in space? https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/32274/what-liquids-last-the-longest-in-space
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2answers
178 views

What was the length of the solar day 73 million years ago?

How could this be estimated, or how accurately could it be extrapolated from a present-day measurement of the Earth's spin-down rate?
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1answer
61 views

Need help with the calculations/conversion of a celestial object

I'm developing a telescope controller open-source application. I started this project with a very little knowledge of Astronomy. Basically, the app is going to send data to telescope over a wireless ...
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1answer
86 views

The Solar Motion and the peculiar velocities of stars

Local standard Of Rest is the hypothetical origin of a reference system with respect to which the motions of all stars in some neighborhood of the sun average out to be zero which type of motions of ...
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1answer
73 views

What factors determines the size of a galaxy?

Recently i saw a post comparing sizes of different galaxies with the Milky Way. The largest one being the Ic 1011.What makes this galaxy so large? What factors decide the size of a galaxy?
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3answers
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Directions to Proxima Centauri

I'm writing a sci-fi novel in which humans venture to the stars for the first time. Their "shake down" cruise takes them to Proxima Centauri. I'm trying to understand where Proxima Centauri is located ...
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2answers
330 views

Why does each and every planet of our solar system have an unique axial tilt angle?

Why do planets have an axial tilt? From the above image we can see that each planet's axial tilt angle varies and differs from the others. What was the cause of this, was this from the beginning of ...
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3answers
106 views

Account for radiation energy in the statement “total energy of universe is zero”

I've read in Hawking's book The Theory of Everything that total energy of the Universe is zero. He explained this by saying that if there are two bodies separated by a distance and having some mass, ...
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1answer
52 views

When black holes forms out of a supernova do they have a very high velocity?

When black holes forms out of a supernova do they have a very high velocity ?? Or do they remains at the position of parent star ??
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1answer
144 views

How can the temperature of stars can be determined by their color?

How do you determine the temperature of a star by color?
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3answers
661 views

Relation between angular resolution and aperture?

The angular resolution of a telescope is given by $\frac{1.22\lambda}{D}$. This should mean that the smaller the aperture D, the higher the angular resolution. But it is exactly the opposite - why?
2
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1answer
40 views

Obtain IR diffuse data from WISE

I need some help obtaining IR background diffuse data from the WISE observation. There is already some work done in this regard; see: http://wise.skymaps.info/ . These are .fits files. How do I find ...
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1answer
43 views

Photometric redshift

I have decided to do undergraduate thesis on "estimating photometric redshift" or something related to this using machine learning. Reading previous papers, I have come to know that work has been done ...
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4answers
108 views

Tips for a beginer who wants to learn more about astronomy [closed]

I have completely no idea about astronomy, but I am starting growing interest in it as I have been always wondering on what has been discovered out there and since I am studying CS, maybe I will learn ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Flatness of celestial systems like galaxies and Solar System [duplicate]

If we look around the cosmos, we will see most of the systems are just flat disks. Either it is solar system, galaxies, or the rings of Saturn. What is the matter, does it depend on how they were ...
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2answers
185 views

Finding the radius of a star in arcsec

If i know the radius r of a star in cm, how can I convert it to arcseconds? For example, if I have a star with r = 3.18e13 cm, and distance to the star d = 220 parsecs, what is the relation to ...
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2answers
80 views

What happens if one day aliens want to talk to us. How can we talk to them? [closed]

Always I wonder about that if some day alien wants to talk to us, then how can we talk to them? They didn't know any of the language on the Earth. What will be the basic building blocks for it?
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2answers
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How can I contribute to the scientific community using my telescope?

I've been using my Meade 90 ETX for a few years trying to become a better astronomer and am familiar enough with the basics to navigate my way around. I was wondering in what way an amateur astronomer ...
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2answers
274 views

Creating a rectangular star map

I'm trying to find/create a star map between the declinations of -45 to +60, and need it to be a rectangle. Is there any software/website that would let me create this? Is there a name for this kind ...
4
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1answer
242 views

Sun Zenith angle and location on earth

Let suppose you are at +3 degrees latitude (3 degrees north of Equator ... for example at Cali in Colombia). At what periods of the year will the sun be at your vertical (at your zenith) at noon? I ...
3
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1answer
87 views

If I look beyond (about same region, higher redshift) a galaxy, will I see its progenitors?

Is there a range of redhsift dz, such that if I look at z+dz from a massive object at redshift z, I will see its progenitors? (in a LCDM scenario of halo assembling, with smaller halos evolving ...
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2answers
80 views

How small a location is possible to identify when any visible star is at its zenith directly above?

How small an area on Earth is it possible to identify with any precision when any celestial object (star, planet, comet, nova) (visible with the naked eye alone) is at its zenith directly overhead? --...
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3answers
995 views

Astronomical ABCD…!

Today, I thought to make a list of Astronomical objects, A to Z. It goes as follows : A - Asteroid B - Black Hole C - Comet D - Dwarf Planet E - Elliptical Galaxy F - Falling Star G - Globular ...
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2answers
184 views

Why Can’t we make a star [closed]

If we know that the reason a star burns without oxygen and fuel is that it converts hydrogen into helium and we have these two elements on earth then why can’t we make a star on our planet
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1answer
51 views

Units of integrated flux density (irradiance) along longitudes

If I've taken an image of the Galactic bulge with the pixel units in MJ per steradian: and I've looked down each column of the image and added up the values: then do the units change? My thinking is ...
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1answer
44 views

How to find if a set of objects lies within a given resolution (5 arcsec) on a telescope?

I am new to astronomy and I was given the task of finding out if there are objects which can't be resolved by a telescope of resolution 5 arcseconds. I was given the values of RA and Dec of these ...
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1answer
194 views

What should I read next after Neil deGrasse Tysons “Astrophysics for people in a hurry”? [closed]

I really liked the clever way the author explained stuff in this book but I already understood most of it. Neil himself states in the book that if you are not in a hurry and want to know more about ...
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1answer
211 views

Why do we we even exist? [closed]

It came to my mind one day that why does this universe even exist and why do we even exist and like we are enclosed in the so called atmosphere and a floating rock in space called the Earth, so is ...